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  • Chile
  • South America
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Unrest / Pleistocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 27.3°S
  • 69.13°W

  • 6052 m
    19851 ft

  • 355140
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Copiapo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Copiapo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Copiapo.

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Volcán Copiapó in Atacama province SW of Nevados Ojos del Salado volcano is a dominantly Miocene-Pliocene stratovolcano. Eight andesitic pyroclastic cones are located primarily on the SE flank of the 6052-m-high volcano. The most recent cone, Volcán San Román, lies 7 km north of Copiapó and was considered to be of probable Pleistocene age, related to late-stage reactivation of Pleistocene-Holocene fissures cutting the Ojos del Salado region (González-Ferrán, 1995). This dacitic-to-andesitic volcano was reported by Von Wolff (1929) to display solfataric activity.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Copiapo. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Copiapo page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Azufre, Cerro de | Lastarria


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
San Román, Volcán Pyroclastic cone 4978 m 27° 15' 0" S 69° 10' 0" W

Photo Gallery

Volcán Copiapó in Atacama province is seen here from the north, with satellitic cones on its flanks. The San Román eruptive center of probable Pleistocene age can be seen at the base of the volcano at the left-center. Although the volcano was reported to have displayed solfataric activity, Holocene eruptive activity from Copiapó is uncertain.

Photo by Oscar González-Ferrán (University of Chile).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

de Silva S L, 2007. . (pers. comm.).

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Gardeweg M C, 1993. . (pers. comm.).

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Moreno H, 1985. . (pers. comm.).

Von Wolff F, 1929. Der Volcanismus II Band: Spezieller Teil 1 Teil Die Neue Welt (Pazifische Erdhalfte) der Pazifische Ozean und Seine Randgebiete. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 828 p.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Copiapo Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.