Laguna del Maule

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 36.02°S
  • 70.58°W

  • 3092 m
    10142 ft

  • 357061
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Laguna del Maule.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Laguna del Maule.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Laguna del Maule.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
357061

Unknown - Evidence Credible

3092 m / 10142 ft

36.02°S
70.58°W

Volcano Types

Caldera
Stratovolcano(es)
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Rhyolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Dacite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,045
1,045
1,521
169,334

Geological Summary

The 15 x 25 km wide Laguna del Maule caldera contains a cluster of small stratovolcanoes, lava domes, and pyroclastic cones of Pleistocene-to-Holocene age. The caldera lies mostly on the Chilean side of the border, but partially extends into Argentina. Fourteen Pleistocene basaltic lava flows were erupted down the upper part of the Maule river valley. A cluster of Pleistocene cinder cones was constructed on the NW side of the Maule lake, which occupies part of the northern portion of the caldera. The latest activity produced an explosion crater on the east side of the lake and a series of Holocene rhyolitic lava domes and blocky lava flows that surround Laguna del Maule.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Drake R E, 1976a. Chronology of Cenozoic igneous and tectonic events in the central Chilean Andes-latitudes 35.5 to 36° S. J Volc Geotherm Res, 1: 265-284.

Frey F A, Gerlach D C, Hickey R L, Lopez-Escobar L, Munizaga-Villavicencio F, 1984. Petrogenesis of the Laguna del Maule volcanic complex, Chile (36°). Contr Mineral Petr, 88: 133-149.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, Vergara M, 1962. Reconocimiento geologico de la Cordillera de los Andes entre los paralelos 35° y 38° latitud sur. Chile Univ Inst Geol Pub, 24: 1-121.

Hildreth W, Drake R, Godoy E, Munizaga F, 1991. Bobadilla caldera and 1.1 Ma ignimbrite at Laguna del Maule, Southern Chile.. VI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Abs, p 62-63.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Moreno H, 1974. Airplane flight over active volcanoes of central-south Chile. Internatl Symp Volc Andean & Antarctic Volc Problems Guidebook, Excur D-3, 56 p.

Moreno H, Naranjo J A, 1991. The southern Andes volcanoes (33°-41° 30' S), Chile. 6th Geol Cong Chile, Excur PC-3, 26 p.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Laguna del Maule. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Laguna del Maule page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Barrancas, Cerro Cone 3092 m 36° 10' 0" S 70° 27' 0" W
Bobadilla, Crater Cone
Candado, El Cone 2367 m 36° 0' 45" S 70° 33' 40" W
Portillo, Volcán el Cone 2890 m 36° 12' 0" S 70° 35' 0" W
Saso, Volcán Cone 36° 6' 0" S 70° 43' 0" W

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Negro, Crater Crater 2460 m 36° 4' 10" S 70° 32' 0" W

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Baños, Crateres de los
    Colada Dendriforme
Dome 2654 m 36° 3' 10" S 70° 33' 0" W
Barrancas, Volcán
    Limitrofe
Dome 930 m 36° 10' 0" S 70° 27' 0" W
Cari-Launa, Volcanes Dome 3049 m 36° 3' 0" S 70° 25' 0" W
Colada las Nieblas Dome 2563 m 36° 7' 0" S 70° 32' 0" W
Colada Occidental Dome 2517 m 36° 1' 20" S 70° 35' 30" W
Espejos, Loma de los Dome 2463 m 36° 0' 0" S 70° 32' 0" W
Maule, Domos del Dome 2556 m 36° 1' 45" S 70° 34' 35" W

Photo Gallery


Pyroclastic cones and lava flows at the NW side of the Laguna del Maule volcanic center rise above the shore of the lake. This cluster of small stratovolcanoes, lava domes, and pyroclastic cones covers an area of 15 x 20 km within a Pleistocene caldera. Pleistocene and Holocene basaltic lava flows were erupted down the upper part of the Maule River valley and on all sides of the lake.

Photo by Oscar González-Ferrán (University of Chile).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Laguna del Maule Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.