Huanquihue Group

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 39.887°S
  • 71.58°W

  • 2189 m
    7180 ft

  • 357123
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Huanquihue Group.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Huanquihue Group.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Huanquihue Group.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
357123

1750 CE

2189 m / 7180 ft

39.887°S
71.58°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Pyroclastic cone
Tuff ring

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
22
108
3,515
190,322

Geological Summary

A group of young basaltic volcanoes lies in Argentina near the Chilean border, south of Lanín volcano. The Huanquihué volcano group consists of a NNE-SSW-trending chain of stratovolcanoes of Pleistocene age, some of which lie along the border. A Holocene compound cinder cone with three nested craters up to 400 m in diameter that occupied a valley NE of Cerro Huanquihué and a tuff cone constructed within glacial Lake Epulafquen lies at the northern end of the chain. Growth of this Holocene tuff cone, La Angostura ("The Narrowing"), created a peninsula that formed a narrow channel connecting Lake Epulafquen and Lake Huechulafquen. A very recent lava flow from the base of the Achín-Niellu cinder cone (also known as Cerro Escorial) traveled north into glacial Lago Epulafquen, forming a prominent lava delta. The Escorial lava flow is an extremely youthful flow that diverted local drainages and formed new lakes. A radiocarbon date of about 200 years before present was obtained from this flow, and local residents recount oral histories of the eruption, which was observed by their grandparents.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Corbella H, Susana Alonso M, 1987. Post-glacial hydroclastic and pyroclastic deposits in the Lanin National Park, north Patagonian cordillera, Nequen, Argentina. Andean Volc Internatl Symp, Tucaman, Argentina, 9 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Inbar M, Risso C, Parica C, 1995. The morphological development of a young lava flow in the south western Andes - Neuquen, Argentina. Zeit Geomorph, 39: 479-487.

Lara L, Rodriguez C, Moreno H, Perez de Arce C, 2001. Geocronologia K-Ar y geoquimica del volcanismo plioceno superior-pleistoceno de los Andes del sur (39-42° S). Rev Geol Chile, 28: 67-90.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1750 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Achín-Niellu (Volcán Escorial)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Achin-Niellu

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Achin-Niellu Cone 39° 52' 0" S 71° 33' 0" W
Angostura, La Tuff ring 954 m 39° 47' 13" S 71° 31' 44" W
Caririñe Stratovolcano 39° 49' 0" S 71° 40' 0" W
Chihuio Stratovolcano 40° 10' 0" S 71° 49' 30" W
Escorial, Cerro (Achin-Niuellu) Cone 39° 52' 0" S 71° 33' 0" W
Pirihueico Stratovolcano 1940 m 39° 55' 0" S 71° 36' 0" W
Quelguenco Stratovolcano 1692 m 39° 58' 0" S 71° 37' 0" W

Photo Gallery


The blocky, partially forested Escorial lava flow in the foreground originated from Achín-Niellu (also known as Achen Niyeu or Cerro Escorial) pyroclastic cone (center). The Escorial lava flow traveled north into glacial Lago Epulafquen, forming a prominent lava delta. Oral accounts of local residents stated that the flow was witnessed by their grandparents, who described the eruption of smoke, ash, and lava that changed the shoreline of the lake.

Photo by Moshe Inbar, 1995 (University of Haifa).
The linear grayish lava flow extending into two lakes at the center originated from the Achín-Niellu cinder cone in the snow-covered area at the bottom-center of this NASA Space Station image with north to the upper left. The distal end of 7.5-km-long flow forms a large delta into Lago Epulafquen. A cinder cone separates this lake (known in the Machupe language as "Two Lakes") from the large lake at the upper right, Lago Huechulafquen. The lake at the right-center is Lago Curruhué.

NASA Space Station image ISS004-E-7197, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The blocky, partially forested Escorial lava flow in the foreground is seen from the north on a boat on Lago Epulafguen. The flow originated from the Achín-Niellu pyroclastic cone (center), which is part of the Huanquihué group of young basaltic volcanoes in Argentina near the Chilean border south of Lanín volcano. The Escorial lava flow was erupted about 200 years ago, and local residents recount oral histories of the eruption, which was observed by their grandparents.

Photo by Héctor Osvaldo González, 2007.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Huanquihue Group Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.