Puntiagudo-Cordon Cenizos

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 40.969°S
  • 72.264°W

  • 2493 m
    8177 ft

  • 357160
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Puntiagudo-Cordon Cenizos.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Puntiagudo-Cordon Cenizos.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Puntiagudo-Cordon Cenizos.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
357160

1850 CE

2493 m / 8177 ft

40.969°S
72.264°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Fissure vent(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
30
284
5,666
698,814

Geological Summary

The Puntiagudo-Cordón Cenizos volcanic chain lies between Lago Rupanco and Lago Todos Los Santos in the Chilean lake district. Volcán Puntiagudo is a late-Pleistocene andesitic stratovolcano with a prominent 2493-m-high sharp-peaked summit that results from glacial dissection. An 18-km-long fissure system with more than 40 late-Pleistocene to Holocene basaltic scoria cones and small stratovolcanoes extends to the NE. Lava flows from these centers descend to the NW and SE, in some cases reaching to the shores of the two lakes, forming irregular peninsulas. The only historical eruption occurred in 1850, when ashfall was reported from the Cordón Cenizos chain.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Moreno H, 1974. Airplane flight over active volcanoes of central-south Chile. Internatl Symp Volc Andean & Antarctic Volc Problems Guidebook, Excur D-3, 56 p.

Moreno H, 1976. The upper Cenozoic volcanism in the Andes of southern Chile (from 40°00' to 41°30' lat S). In: Gonzalez-Ferran O (ed) {Proc Symp Andean & Antarctic Volcanology Problems (Santiago, Chile, Sept 1974)}, Rome: IAVCEI, p 143-171.

Moreno H, Naranjo J A, 1991. The southern Andes volcanoes (33°-41° 30' S), Chile. 6th Geol Cong Chile, Excur PC-3, 26 p.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1930 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1850 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Cordón Cenizos

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Punteagudo, Cerro | Cordon el Cauye | Cenizas, Cerro

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cordon Cenizos Cone 1668 m 40° 56' 0" S 72° 12' 0" W

Photo Gallery


The dramatic summit spire of Volcán Puntiagudo forms one of the most spectacular volcanic peaks of the Andes. The summit pinnacle, formed as a result of extensive glacial erosion, exposes the volcano's resistant central conduit. Puntiagudo-Cordón Cenizos volcanic chain lies between Lago Rupanco and Lago Todos Los Santos in the Chilean lake district. An 18-km-long fissure system with late-Pleistocene to Holocene scoria cones and small stratovolcanoes extends to the NE and was last active in 1850.

Photo by Oscar González-Ferrán (University of Chile).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Puntiagudo-Cordon Cenizos Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.