Cayutue-La Vigueria

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 41.25°S
  • 72.27°W

  • 506 m
    1660 ft

  • 358012
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Cayutue-La Vigueria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Cayutue-La Vigueria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Cayutue-La Vigueria.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



190 BCE

506 m / 1660 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Cayutué-La Viguería volcanic field consists of about 20 basaltic maars and cinder cones of Holocene age on a NNE-SSW alignment. The volcanic field occupies a low-lying area between the southern end of Ensenada Cayutué, the southern extension of Lake Todos los Santos, and the northern end of the Estuario Reloncaví, where the Río Petrohué, which drains lake Todos los Santos, reaches the sea. The volcanic field lies along the major regional N-S-trending Liquiñe-Ofqui fault zone. La Viguería and Volcán Cayutué are the principal cones. Formation of La Viguería cone and associated lava flows temporarily dammed the Río Petrohué about 3000 years ago, forming an ephemeral lake that was filled with deposits from Calbuco and Osorno volcanoes. Pyroclastic cones and lava flows of Volcán Cayutué filled the Ensenada de Cayutué depression, separating Lake Todos los Santos from Ralún Bay.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Auer V, 1959. The Pleistocene of Fuego-Patagonia Part 3: Shoreline displacements. Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia Helsingfors Toimituksia, Ser A-3, 60: 1-247.

Moreno H, 1976. The upper Cenozoic volcanism in the Andes of southern Chile (from 40°00' to 41°30' lat S). In: Gonzalez-Ferran O (ed) {Proc Symp Andean & Antarctic Volcanology Problems (Santiago, Chile, Sept 1974)}, Rome: IAVCEI, p 143-171.

Moreno H, 1985. (pers. comm.).

Moreno H, 2004. Osorno-Calbuco. IAVCEI Gen Assembly 2004 Pucon, Chile Field Trip Guide C4, 14 p.

Watt S F L, Pyle D M, Naranjo J A, Rosqvist G, Mella M, Mather T A, Moreno H, 2011. Holocene tephrochronology of the Hualaihue region (Andean souther volcanic zone, ~42 deg S), southern Chile. Quat Internatl, 246: 324-343.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0190 BCE (?) ± 190 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) La Viguería

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cabeza de Vaca Cone 452 m 41° 20' 0" S 72° 17' 0" W
Cayute, Volcán Cone 500 m 41° 17' 0" S 72° 17' 0" W
Magneto, El Cone
Pocoihuen Cone
Rollizos Cone
Sin Nombre Cone
Vigueria, La Cone 41° 23' 0" S 72° 20' 0" W


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Pichilaguna, Volcán Maar 260 m 41° 11' 0" S 72° 16' 0" W

Photo Gallery

The major regional N-S-trending Liquiñe-Ofqui fault extends along the Estuario Reloncaví (lower right) through Ralún Bay (center) to Lake Cayutúe (just left of the top of the image). About 20 basaltic cinder cones, maars, and lava flows of the Cayutué-La Viguería volcanic field lie along this lineament. La Viguería and Volcán Cayutué are the principal cones. The former temporarily dammed the Río Petrohué, the meandering stream at the left.

NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-42993, 2003 (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Cayutue-La Vigueria in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Cayutue-La Vigueria Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.