Cuernos del Diablo

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 41.4°S
  • 72°W

  • 1862 m
    6107 ft

  • 358021
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Cuernos del Diablo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Cuernos del Diablo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Cuernos del Diablo.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
358021

Unknown - Evidence Credible

1862 m / 6107 ft

41.4°S
72°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
40
132
2,524
415,432

Geological Summary

Cuernos del Diablo is a 1862-m-high partially glacially eroded basaltic stratovolcano. Numerous satellitic pyroclastic cones and associated basaltic lava flows were formed during the Holocene, principally on the SW flank and from the summit to the NW base of the volcano. Although no historical eruptions are known from Cuernos del Diablo, some of these cones may have formed during historical time (González-Ferrán, 1995). Fumaroles were observed on a flank cone in 1931.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Moreno H, 1976. The upper Cenozoic volcanism in the Andes of southern Chile (from 40°00' to 41°30' lat S). In: Gonzalez-Ferran O (ed) {Proc Symp Andean & Antarctic Volcanology Problems (Santiago, Chile, Sept 1974)}, Rome: IAVCEI, p 143-171.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Cuernos del Diablo. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Cuernos del Diablo page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Cuernos del Diablo.

Photo Gallery


Cuernos del Diablo is a small 1862-m-high partially glacially eroded basaltic stratovolcano. The volcano (not clearly seen in this NASA Landsat image with north to the top) is located about 30 km east of the elongated N-S trending Reloncavi fjord (far left), near the headwaters of the river extending diagonally to the center of the image from the lower left. Numerous satellitic pyroclastic cones and associated basaltic lava flows were formed during the Holocene, some which may have historical in age, though eruptions were not recorded.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Cuernos del Diablo Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.