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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 41.755°S
  • 72.396°W

  • 2187 m
    7173 ft

  • 358022
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Yate.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Yate.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Yate.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1090 CE

2187 m / 7173 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Yate volcano is a late-Pleistocene, glacially dissected basaltic-andesite stratovolcano with Holocene parasitic vents. One of these flank vents is labeled Volcán Yate on the Volcán Hornopirén 1:50,000 quadrangle map. This isolated volcano, located NNE of Volcán Hornopirén, south of the Relancaví strait, shows evidence of Holocene eruptions. The elongated volcano contains six eruptive centers localized along a NW-trending fissure about 7.5 km long. The most recent activity originated from basaltic-andesite pyroclastic cones on the NW and western flanks. No historical eruptions are known from Volcán Yate, although the fresh morphology of its satellitic cones suggests an historical age (González-Ferrán, 1995). A non-eruptive volcanic landslide in 1965 produced a debris flow that reached Lake Cabrera, causing a tsunami that destroyed a settlement and caused 27 fatalities.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Moreno H, 1985. (pers. comm.).

Watt S F L, Pyle D M, Naranjo J A, Mather T A, 2009. Landslide and tsunami hazard at Yate volcano, Chile as an example of edifice destruction on strike-slip fault zones. Bull Volc, 71: 559-574.

Watt S F L, Pyle D M, Naranjo J A, Rosqvist G, Mella M, Mather T A, Moreno H, 2011. Holocene tephrochronology of the Hualaihue region (Andean souther volcanic zone, ~42 deg S), southern Chile. Quat Internatl, 246: 324-343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2011.05.029

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1090 ± 60 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SE flank, Ya2 tephra

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Yate.

Photo Gallery

Volcán Yate is an upper Pleistocene, glacially dissected stratovolcano with Holocene parasitic vents. Little is known of the eruptive history of this isolated volcano, which is located SW of the mouth of the Puelo River on the Relancaví strait, NNE of neighboring Hornopirén volcano.

Photo by John Davidson, University of Michigan (courtesy of Hugo Moreno, University of Chile).
The small rounded brownish volcano at the center of this NASA International Space Station image (with north to the left) is Hornopirén. It is located SSW of Yate volcano, the glacier-capped peak at the upper left. The 1572-m-high mostly forested volcano lies along a graben defined by the major regional Liquiñe-Ofqui fault zone, north of the Hornopirén strait (lower right) and immediately south of Lago Cabrera. Prominent lava flows descend beyond the SW base of the volcano nearly to the coast.

NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-42995, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Yate in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Yate Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.