Crater Basalt Volcanic Field

No photo available for this volcano
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  • Argentina
  • South America
  • Pyroclastic cone(s)
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 42.018°S
  • 70.194°W

  • 1344 m
    4408 ft

  • 358025
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Crater Basalt Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Crater Basalt Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Crater Basalt Volcanic Field.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
358025

Unknown - Evidence Credible

1344 m / 4408 ft

42.018°S
70.194°W

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Minor
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
448
448
1,140
20,539

Geological Summary

The Crater Basalt volcanic field in the northern Patagonia region of Argentina covers an area of about 700 sq km. The volcanic field lies about 400 km east of the Peru-Chile trench along the broad regional, NW-SE-trending Gastre fault system. Nine cinder cones and spatter cones produced blocky lava flows of alkali basaltic, basanitic, and trachybasaltic composition. One of the largest features of the volcanic field is Cerro Fermín, a cinder cone that produced a half dozen lava flows. The highest cone, 1344-m Cerro Negro, fed lava flows that traveled to the west, east, and then NE, where its distal margin is cut by a provincial road. Some of the lava flows, such as those from Cerro Ventana and Cerro Contreras, cover Holocene shorelines of playa lakes.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Massaferro G I, Haller M J, D'Orazio M, Alric V I, 2006. Sub-recent volcanism in northern Patagonia: a tectonomagmatic approach. J Volc Geotherm Res, 155: 227-243.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Crater Basalt Volcanic Field. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Crater Basalt Volcanic Field page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Antitruz, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1100 m
Contreras, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1004 m
Fermin, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1153 m
Guacha, Loma Pyroclastic cone
Huacha, Loma Pyroclastic cone 959 m
Negro, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1344 m 42° 1' 6" S 70° 11' 38" W
Pinchuleu, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1005 m
Ventana, Cerro Vent
Volcán, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1025 m

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Crater Basalt Volcanic Field.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Crater Basalt Volcanic Field Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.