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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 42.793°S
  • 72.439°W

  • 2404 m
    7885 ft

  • 358040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Minchinmavida.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Minchinmavida.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Minchinmavida.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1835 CE

2404 m / 7885 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The glacier-covered Volcán Minchinmávida, located west of Lago Reñihue, has a saddle-shaped summit with an elongated 3-km-wide caldera. The massive edifice is elongated in a NE-SW direction, and a youthful eruptive center is located on the ENE side of the complex. A major explosive eruption at the beginning of the Holocene produced the Amarillo Ignimbrite that may have created the now ice-filled summit caldera, and Holocene tephra deposits from summit and flank vents have been identified. An eruption from Minchinmávida was reported in 1742. Darwin observed the volcano in activity in 1834 on his renowned voyage that took him to the Galápagos Islands. The latest known eruption of basaltic-to-andesitic Minchinmávida, from February to March 1835, produced a lava flow from a flank crater and lahars that reached the coast at Punta Chana.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Amigo A, Lara L E, Smith V C, 2013. Holocene record of large explosive eruptions from Chaiten and Michinmahuida volcanoes, Chile. Andean Geol, 40: 227-248. http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV40n2-a03

Casertano L, 1963a. Chilean Continent. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 15: 1-55.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1972. Distribucion del volcanismo activo de Chile y la reciente erupcion del Volcan Villarrica. Instituto Geog Militar Chile, O/T 3491.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Moreno H, 1985. (pers. comm.).

Naranjo J A, Stern C R, 2004. Holocene tephrochronology of the southernmost part (42° 30' - 45° S) of the Andean Southern Volcanic Zone. Rev Geol Chile, 31: 225-240.

Watt S F L, Pyle D M, Mather T A, 2013. Evidence of mid- to late-Holocene explosive rhyolitic eruptions from Chaiten volcano, Chile. Andean Geol, 40: 216-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV40n2-a02

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1835 Feb 20 1835 Mar 15 ± 5 days Confirmed 0 Historical Observations
1834 Nov 25 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1742 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1650 ± 50 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1550 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0700 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
5500 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) Mic1 tephra
8400 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 6 Radiocarbon (corrected) Amarillo Ignimbrite

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Michinmahuida | Minchenmadon | Challapiren | Cayapiren | Chana | Cuchucavi | Quechucabi of Ovalle | Kechucavi of Molina | Michinmavida | Minchinmadon


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Pelado, Cerro Cone 1971 m 42° 47' 0" S 72° 24' 0" W

Photo Gallery

Glacier-covered Volcán Minchinmávida is elongated along a NE-SW direction. The volcano has a mostly obscured 3-km-wide caldera, and a youthful eruptive center is located on the ENE side of the complex. An eruption from Minchinmávida was reported in 1742. Darwin observed the volcano in activity in 1834 on his renowned voyage that took him to the Galápagos Islands.

NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-42260, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Minchinmavida in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Minchinmavida Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.