Lautaro

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.02°S
  • 73.55°W

  • 3607 m
    11831 ft

  • 358060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Lautaro.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Lautaro.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Lautaro.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
358060

1979 CE

3607 m / 11831 ft

49.02°S
73.55°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Explosion crater(s)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Dacite
Minor
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
46
2,365

Geological Summary

Lautaro is the northernmost of five volcanoes comprising the Australandean volcanic zone of the southernmost Chilean Andes and is the closest volcano to the Chile Triple Junction plate boundary. Volcanoes of the Australandean volcanic zone originated from subduction of the Antarctic plate beneath the South American plate. The Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World synonyms for Lautaro (Cerro Pirámide, Chalten, and Chaltel) are actually synonyms of the dramatic Patagonian granitic peak of Cerro Fitz Roy (Moreno 1985, pers. comm.). Glacier-covered, 3607-m-high Lautaro volcano, the highest Chilean volcano below 40 degrees south, rises above the Southern Patagonian Ice Field. It has a crater just below its summit on the NW side, and a 1-km-wide crater is located on the NE flank. Ash deposits from eruptions of this dominantly dacitic volcano were visible on aerial photos taken during several occasions during the 20th century, and older ash layers form prominent markers on outflow glaciers of the Patagonian icecap.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Casertano L, 1963a. Chilean Continent. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 15: 1-55.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Lliboutry L, 1999. Glaciers of the Wet Andes. In: Williams R J Jr, Ferringo J G (eds) Glaciers of South America, {U S Geol Surv Prof Pap}, 1386-I: 148-206.

Martinic-B M, 1988. Actividad volcanica historica en la region de Magellenes. Rev Geol Chile, 15: 181-186.

Moreno H, 1985. (pers. comm.).

Motoki A, Orihashi Y, Naranjo J A, Hirata D, Scvarca P, Anma R, 2006. Geologic reconnaissance of Lautaro volcano, Chilean Patagonia. Rev Geol Chile, 33: 177-187.

Orihashi Y, Naranjo J A, Motoki A, Sumino H, Hirata D, Anma R, Nagao K, 2004. Quaternary volcanic activity of Hudson and Lautaro volcanoes, Chilean Patagonia: new constraints from K-Ar ages. Rev Geol Chile, 31: 207-224.

Shipton E, 1960. Volcanic activity on the Patagonian ice cap. Geog Jour, 126: 389-396.

Stern C R, 1990. Tephrochronology of southernmost Patagonia. Natl Geog Res, 6: 110-126.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1979 Mar 8 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1978 Jun Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1972 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1961 Oct Unknown Confirmed 2 Unknown Volcano Uncertain: aerial observation; possibly Lautaro
1959 Dec 28 1960 Jan 20 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1945 Jan 15 ± 45 days Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1933 Feb Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1879 Unknown Confirmed   Unknown Volcano Uncertain: Between lakes San Martín and Viedma
[ 1878 Jan 18 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1  
1876 Oct Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Lautaro.

Photo Gallery


The northern side of Lautaro volcano rises above a sea of clouds. A 300-km gap occurs between Cerro Hudson and Lautaro, the northernmost of five volcanoes comprising the australandean volcanic zone of the southernmost Chilean Andes. Glacier-covered, 3607-m-high Lautaro volcano, the highest Chilean volcano below 40 degrees south, has a crater just below its summit on the NW side, and a 1-km-wide crater is located on the NE flank.

Photo by José Naranjo, 2002 (Servico Nacional de Geologica y Mineria).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Lautaro Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.