Reclus

No photo available for this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 50.964°S
  • 73.585°W

  • 1000 m
    3280 ft

  • 358063
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Reclus.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Reclus.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Reclus.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
358063

1908 CE

1000 m / 3280 ft

50.964°S
73.585°W

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone

Rock Types

Major
Dacite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
1
420
12,382

Geological Summary

Reclus volcano, the source of several Holocene Patagonian tephra layers, was recognized to be an independent volcanic edifice only in 1987. The 1000-m-high volcano consists of a large dacitic pyroclastic cone with a crater about 1 km in diameter. As many as six tephra layers overlie a peat layer dated at 3780 years before present. The volcano is being actively eroded by the Amalia Glacier, which drains off the Patagonian icecap. Later work revealed evidence for historical eruptions in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Martinic-B M, 1988. Actividad volcanica historica en la region de Magellenes. Rev Geol Chile, 15: 181-186.

Moreno H, 1985. (pers. comm.).

Stern C R, 2008. Holocene tephrochronology record of large explosive eruptions in the southernmost Patagonian Andes. Bull Volc, 70: 435-454.

Stern C R, 1990. Tephrochronology of southernmost Patagonia. Natl Geog Res, 6: 110-126.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1908 ± 1 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1879 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1869 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1830 BCE (after) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Mano de Diablo Cone

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Reclus.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Reclus Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.