Monte Burney

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.33°S
  • 73.4°W

  • 1758 m
    5766 ft

  • 358070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Monte Burney.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Monte Burney.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Monte Burney.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1910 CE

1758 m / 5766 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Monte Burney, a large volcano in the Patagonian region of Chile, is the southernmost of a chain of stratovolcanoes of the Australandean arc. The 1758-m-high, ice-covered volcano lies about 200 km NW of the town of Punta Arenas. Monte Burney was constructed on the western rim of a 6-km-wide caldera, which is partially filled with and surrounded by an unglaciated pyroclastic-flow deposit. Flank vents produced andesitic-dacitic lava flows and pyroclastic material. Collapse of the edifice produced a major debris avalanche that traveled to the SSW. Two large plinian eruptions have been documented from Monte Burney during the Holocene. The only known historical eruption of Monte Burney took place in 1910.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Casertano L, 1963a. Chilean Continent. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 15: 1-55.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Kilian R, Hohner M, Biester H, Wallrabe-Adams H J, Stern C R, 2003. Holocene peat and lake sediment tephra record from the southernmost Chilean Andes (53-55° S). Rev Geol Chile, 30: 23-37.

Stern C R, 2008. Holocene tephrochronology record of large explosive eruptions in the southernmost Patagonian Andes. Bull Volc, 70: 435-454.

Stern C R, 1990. Tephrochronology of southernmost Patagonia. Natl Geog Res, 6: 110-126.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1910 Mar Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
0090 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
0800 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
2320 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) MB2 tephra
3740 BCE ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
7390 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
7450 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) MB1 tephra

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Monte Burney.

Photo Gallery

Ice-covered Mount Burney occupies the NW part of the Muñoz Gomera Peninsula in the spectacular glaciated Patagonian fjord region of southern Chile. The volcano lies near the center of this NASA International Space Station image (with north to the left). The rugged extensively glaciated topography surrounding the 1758-m-high Monte Burney is smoothed by volcaniclastic deposits from the volcano.

NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-41451, 2003 (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Monte Burney in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Monte Burney Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.