St. Catherine

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  • Grenada
  • West Indies
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Undated Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 12.15°N
  • 61.67°W

  • 840 m
    2755 ft

  • 360170
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for St. Catherine.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for St. Catherine.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for St. Catherine.

The island of Grenada is composed of five Pliocene-to-Pleistocene volcanic centers, the youngest and highest of which is Mount St. Catherine on the northern end of the island. A complex of lava domes is located within a horseshoe-shaped crater breached to the east at the summit of 840-m-high Mount St. Catherine. Pyroclastic-flow deposits extend to the NW from the extensively weathered volcano. The most recent activity on Grenada originated from a group of young maars, tuff rings, and scoria cones that extend SSW-NNE across the length of the 30-km-long island. Kick 'em Jenny, the historically active submarine volcano 8 km north of Grenada, is listed separately in this compilation along with adjacent submarine and subaerial cones that may represent a single volcanic complex. No eruptions of St. Catherine are known in historical time, although the most recent eruption along a NE-SW-trending fault cutting across the island produced a scoria cone near Radix village that could be less than 1000 years old. Hot springs and fumaroles are present at several locations on Mount St. Catherine.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from St. Catherine. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the St. Catherine page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Saint Catherine


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Fedon's Camp Stratovolcano 760 m 12° 7' 0" N 61° 42' 0" W
Granby, Mount Stratovolcano 683 m 12° 8' 0" N 61° 43' 0" W
Maitland, Mount Stratovolcano 522 m 12° 4' 0" N 61° 43' 0" W
Pond, Mount Cone
Sinai, Mount Stratovolcano 703 m 12° 5' 0" N 61° 42' 0" W
South East Mountain Stratovolcano 716 m 12° 5' 0" N 61° 40' 0" W


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Antoine, Lake Crater 90 m 12° 11' 0" N 61° 37' 0" W
Grand Etang Crater 610 m 12° 6' 0" N 61° 42' 0" W
Levera Pond Crater 10 m 12° 13' 0" N 61° 37' 0" W
Punchbowl, The Crater 180 m 12° 12' 0" N 61° 39' 0" W
Queen's Park Crater 120 m 12° 4' 0" N 61° 45' 0" W
St. George's Harbor
    Saint George's Harbor
Crater 123 m 12° 3' 0" N 61° 45' 0" W


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Alexander, Mount Dome
Craven, Mount Dome 110 m 12° 13' 0" N 61° 39' 0" W
Dead Man's Hill Dome
Green Island Dome 12° 14' 0" N 61° 36' 0" W
Helvellyn Dome
Levera Hill Dome 258 m 12° 13' 0" N 61° 37' 0" W
Levera Island
    Sugar Loaf
Dome 12° 14' 0" N 61° 36' 30" W
Rodney, Mount Dome 260 m 12° 13' 0" N 61° 40' 0" W
William, Mount Dome


Thermal
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Peggy's Whim Thermal 180 m 12° 10' 0" N 61° 39' 0" W
Tufton Hall Thermal 140 m 12° 11' 0" N 61° 42' 0" W
The southern end of the elongated Mount St. Catherine volcanic complex on the island of Grenada is seen here from the Southeast Mountain area. The island is composed of five Pliocene-to-Pleistocene volcanic centers, the youngest and highest of which is 840-m-high Mount St. Catherine on the northern end of the island. The most recent activity originated from a group of young maars, tuff rings, and scoria cones extending across the length of the island. These include Grand Etang crater, which lies near the crest of the skyline ridge.

Photo by Richard Arculus, 1973 (Seismic Research Unit, University of West Indies).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Arculus R J, 1976. Geology and geochemistry of the alkali basalt-andesite association of Grenada, Lesser Antilles island arc. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 87: 612-624.

Devine J D, 1995. Petrogenesis of the basalt-andesite-dacite association of Grenada, Lesser Antilles island arc, revisited. J Volc Geotherm Res, 69: 1-33.

Robertson R, 2005. Grenada. In: Lindsay J M, Robertson R E A, Shepherd J B, Ali S (eds). {Volcanic Hazard Atlas of the Lesser Antilles}, Trinidad and Tobago, Seismic Res Unit, Univ West Indies, p 49-66.

Robson G R, Tomblin J, 1966. West Indies. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 20: 1-56.

Shepherd J B, 1989. Eruptions, eruption precursors and related phenomena in the Lesser Antilles. In: Latter J H (ed), {Volcanic Hazards - Assessment and Monitoring}, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, p 292-311.

Shepherd J B, 2001. Volcanoes of the eastern Caribbean: past activity and future hazards. Paper presented at the Workshop on Volcanic and Seismic Hazards in the eastern Caribbean, May 28- June 1, 2001, 57 p.

Sigurdsson H, 1979. . (pers. comm.).

Sigurdsson H, Shepherd J B, 1974. Amphibole-bearing basalts from the submarine volcano Kick'em Jenny in the Lesser Antilles Island Arc. Bull Volc, 38: 891-910.

Sigurdsson H, Sparks R S J, 1979. An active submarine volcano. Nat Hist, 88: 38-43.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)
Explosion crater(s)
Scoria cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
8,561
41,976
84,210
93,321

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of St. Catherine Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.