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Brennisteinsfjöll

Photo of this volcano
  • Iceland
  • Iceland and Arctic Ocean
  • Crater rows
  • 1341 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 63.933°N
  • 21.783°W

  • 610 m
    2001 ft

  • 371040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Brennisteinsfjöll.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Brennisteinsfjöll.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Brennisteinsfjöll.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 9 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1341 ± 1 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Grafeldur (Selvogshraun)
1200 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Kongsfell
1000 Jun 25 ± 4 days Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Eldborg at Lambafell
0950 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Rjupnadyngjur
0910 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Kista (Breiddalshraun)
0875 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Tvibollar
1040 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Eldborg at Brennisteinsfjöllum
2660 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Leitin
9000 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology Heidin Há
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Brennisteinsfjöll.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Brennisteinsfjöll.

Photo Gallery

The Brennisteinsfjöll volcanic system, located east of Kleifarvatn lake, consists of a series of NE-SW-trending crater rows and small shield volcanoes. Brennisteinsfjöll is seen here in an aerial view from the south with youthful light-colored lava flows spilling over an E-W-trending coastal scarp. An eruption in 1000 CE was dated by its occurrence at the time of a meeting of the Icelandic outdoor parliament at Thingvellier. The most recent eruption at Brennisteinsfjöll took place in the 14th century.

Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1983 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Sudvesturland
Publisher: Geodetic Institute, Landmaelingar Islands
Country: Iceland
Year: 1987
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Sudvesturland

Title: Geomorphology of Iceland
Publisher: University of Goteborg, Dept Phys Geog
Country: Iceland
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geology (Geomorphology)
Scale: 1:1,750
Map of Geomorphology of Iceland

Title: Geographical Names of Iceland
Publisher: University of Goteborg, Dept Phys Geog
Country: Iceland
Year: 1984
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:1,750
Map of Geographical Names of Iceland

Title: Reykjavik
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Iceland
Year: 1967
Series: C761
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Reykjavik

Title: Vogar
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Iceland
Year: 1965
Series: C761
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Vogar

Title: Svidholt
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Iceland
Year: 1965
Series: C761
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Svidholt

Title: Nes
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Iceland
Year: 1965
Series: C761
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Nes
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Brennisteinsfjöll in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites