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Photo of this volcano
  • Iceland
  • Iceland and Arctic Ocean
  • Subglacial
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 64.833°N
  • 18.766°W

  • 1765 m
    5791 ft

  • 371090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Hofsjökull.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hofsjökull.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Hofsjökull.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Hofsjökull. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Hofsjökull page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Hofsjökull.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Hofsjökull.

Photo Gallery

The broad glacier-capped Hofsjökull volcano lies beneath the western part of the massive Hofsjökull icecap along an east-west-trending area connecting the two principal rift zones of Iceland. The roughly 7 x 11 km wide central caldera of Hofsjökull volcano is buried beneath the icecap to the right of the high point in this view from the NNW. Flank fissures on the northern and eastern sides of the volcano have produced basaltic lava flows during the Holocene.

Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1978 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
See title for photo information.
The flanks of the largely Pleistocene rhyolitic central volcano Kerlingarfjöll have been deeply dissected by glaciers. The volcanic complex is seen here from the NNE. Steep-sided Pleistocene rhyolitic lava domes and numerous hot springs occupy two calderas at the center of the 5 x 7 km wide complex. Holocene flank fissures on the NE side produced the Illahraun lava flow, which traveled more than 20 km to the south. Fumarolic activity at Kerlingarfjöll, mostly concentrated in the center of the complex, is the most vigorous in Iceland.

Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1998 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The Global Volcanism Program has no maps available for Hofsjökull.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 9 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 115624 Tholeiite -- --
NMNH 117449-1 Obsidian Rhyolite flow; Kerlingarfjoll --
NMNH 117449-2 Obsidian Kerlingarfjoll --
NMNH 117449-3 Perlite Kerlingarfjoll --
NMNH 117449-4 Basalt Kerlingarfjoll --
NMNH 117449-5 Obsidian Kerlingarfjoll --
NMNH 117449-6 Obsidian Kerlingarfjoll --
NMNH 117449-7 Scoria Kerlingarfjoll --
NMNH 117449-8 Obsidian Kerlingarfjoll --
External Sites