Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 64.05°N
  • 16.633°W

  • 2010 m
    6593 ft

  • 374010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Oraefajokull.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Oraefajokull.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Oraefajokull.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1727 Aug 3 1728 May 1 ± 30 days Confirmed 4 Historical Observations Caldera, west flank (to 1100 m)
1362 Jun 5 ± 4 days 1362 Oct 15 ± 45 days Confirmed 5 Historical Observations

Deformation History

Information about Deformation periods will be available soon.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data is available for Oraefajokull.

Photo Gallery

Öræfajökull, Iceland's highest peak, is viewed here from the west, with the Svinafellsjökull glacier (left) descending from the central icecap nearly to the coastal road. A 4 x 5 km subglacial caldera truncates the summit, which rises to 2119 m about 10 km NW of the Atlantic Ocean shoreline. A major silicic eruption in 1362 was the largest in Iceland during historical time. It and another eruption during 1727-28 were accompanied by major jökulhlaups (glacier outburst floods) that caused property damage and fatalities.

Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1986, (Orkustofnon, Icelandic National Energy Authority).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 2 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 117551-1 Obsidian -- --
NMNH 117551-12 Obsidian Hof rhyolite dome --

Affiliated Sites