Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.47°N
  • 28.4°W

  • 2351 m
    7711 ft

  • 382020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Pico.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Pico.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Pico.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1963 Dec 15 (in or before) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Off NW coast
1720 Jul 10 1720 Dec (?) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SE flank (400 m)
1718 Feb 1 1718 Dec 15 ± 5 days Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SE flank (200 m), NW flank (1200 m)
1562 Sep 21 (?) 1564 (?) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations East flank (800 m)

Deformation History

Information about Deformation periods will be available soon.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data is available for Pico.

Photo Gallery

Pico stratovolcano occupying the western end of Pico Island rises across a strait SE of neighboring Fayal Island (foreground). Pico is superimposed on an older linear volcano with numerous flank cones that forms most of the eastern side of the 48-km-long island. The conical Pico volcano is capped by a 500-m-wide summit crater that is overtopped by a small steep-sided cone visible at the left side of the summit. Historical eruptions have been restricted to the flanks of Pico volcano itself and to the SE-trending rift zone.

Photo by Rick Wunderman, 1997 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Pico volcano, the highest in the Azores, is located across a narrow 6-km-wide channel SE of Fayal Island. From this direction, the 2351-m-high stratovolcano appears to be a symmetrical cone, but it lies at the far western end of an elongated chain of flank cones that forms a roughly 800-m-high ridge extending ESE across Pico Island. Permanent fumaroles are located near a small cone filling the summit crater, but all historical eruptions have occurred from flank vents.

Photo by Rick Wunderman, 1997 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116691-15 Ankaramite -- 1 Aug 1980

Affiliated Sites