Gran Canaria

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 28°N
  • 15.58°W

  • 1950 m
    6396 ft

  • 383040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Gran Canaria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Gran Canaria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Gran Canaria.

The largely Miocene-to-Pliocene island of Gran Canaria in the middle of the Canary archipelago has been strongly eroded into steep-walled radial gorges called barrancos. Three major volcanic structures form the circular 60-km-wide island, which has been modified by caldera collapse, gravitational edifice failure, and extensive erosion. Middle Quaternary scoria cones and lava flows are found in the northern and eastern parts of the massive shield volcano, which is cut by a major NW-SE-trending rift zone that extends across the island and fed flows primarily to the NE. Very young basaltic cones and lava flows of Holocene age are situated within a NW-trending zone from Berrazales to Bandama and at Las Isletas, a peninsula on the NE coast. One cinder cone was radiocarbon dated at about 3000 years before present, and other cones and flows may be less than 1000 years old.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0040 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Bandama
0010 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) El Garañón
0580 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Doramas and El Lentiscal
0590 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Sima de Jinámar
0620 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Montaña Negra de Jinámar
0920 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Jabalobos
1010 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Pinos de Gáldar
1180 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Montañón Negro
1250 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Fagajesto
4630 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) San Mateo
4670 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) El Hoyo

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Alta, Montaña Cone
Arucas, Montaña de Cone - Crater 412 m 28° 7' 0" N 15° 31' 0" W
Aruicas, Montaña Cone
Barros, Montaña de Pyroclastic cone
Berrazales Pyroclastic cone
Cuesta de las Gallinas Pyroclastic cone
Draguillo, El Pyroclastic cone
Fagajesto Pyroclastic cone
Firgas, Montaña de Cone
Gallego, Montaña de el Pyroclastic cone
Garañón, El Pyroclastic cone
Hoyo, El Pyroclastic cone
Jabalobos Pyroclastic cone
Lentiscal, El Pyroclastic cone
Melosal, El Pyroclastic cone
Negra de Jinámar, Montaña Pyroclastic cone
Negro, Montagñón Pyroclastic cone
Palmas, Montanña de las Cone 558 m 28° 0' 0" N 15° 27' 0" W
Pelada, Montaña Pyroclastic cone
Penavallels, Altos de los Cone
Pinos de Gáldar Pyroclastic cone
Rojada, Montaña Pyroclastic cone
San Mateo Pyroclastic cone
Santidad, Montaña de Pyroclastic cone 702 m 27° 57' 0" N 15° 29' 0" W
Sima de Jinámar Pyroclastic cone
Tafira, Montaña Cone
Valleseco, Caldereta Pyroclastic cone
Viento, Montaña del Cone

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Bandama, Caldera de Maar 574 m 28° 2' 0" N 15° 27' 0" W
Isleta, La Fissure vent 212 m 28° 10' 0" N 15° 25' 0" W
Marteles, Caldera de Maar 1696 m 27° 58' 0" N 15° 32' 0" W

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Berrazales Thermal
Marteles Maar in the foreground and several cinder cones in the background are part of a group of Quaternary monogenetic volcanoes in northern Gran Canaria. The largely Miocene-to-Pliocene island in the middle of the Canary archipelago contains three major volcanic structures, which have been modified by caldera collapse, gravitational edifice failure, and extensive erosion. Very young basaltic cones and lava flows of Holocene age are situated within the island and at Las Isletas, a peninsula on the NE coast.

Photo by Alexander Belousov (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Fuster J M, Hernandez-Pacheco A, Munoz M, Rodriguez Badiola E, Garcia Cacho L, 1968. Geologia y Volcanologia de las Islas Canarias - Gran Canaria. Madrid: Inst "Lucas Mallada", 243 p.

Guillou H, Perez Torado F J, Hansen Machin A R, Carracedo J C, Gimeno D, 2004. The Plio-Quaternary volcanic evolution of Gran Canaria based on new K-Ar ages and magnetostratigraphy. J Volc Geotherm Res, 135: 221-246.

Mitchell-Thome R C, 1976. Geology of the Middle Atlantic Islands. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 382 p.

Neumann van Padang M, Richards A F, Machado F, Bravo T, Baker P E, Le Maitre R W, 1967. Atlantic Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 21: 1-128.

Rodriguez-Gonzalez A, Fernandez-Turiel J L, Perez-Torrado F J, Hansen A, Aulinas M, Carracedo J C, Gimeno D, Guillou H, Paris R, Paterne M, 2009. The Holocene volcanic history of Gran Canaria island: implications for volcanic hazards. J Quat Sci, 24: 697-709.

Schmincke H-U, Sumita M, 2010. Geological evolution of the Canary Islands. Koblenz: Gorres-Verlag: 188 p.

Schminke H U, 1990. Geological field guide--Gran Canaria. IAVCEI 1990 Internatl Volc Cong, Mainz, Excur 7BI: 1-199.

Volcano Types

Fissure vent(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)
Maar(s)

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Phono-tephrite / Tephri-phonolite
Phonolite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,101
8,049
697,199
1,119,998

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Gran Canaria Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.