Fuerteventura

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 28.358°N
  • 14.02°W

  • 529 m
    1735 ft

  • 383050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Fuerteventura.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Fuerteventura.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Fuerteventura.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
383050

Unknown - Evidence Credible

529 m / 1735 ft

28.358°N
14.02°W

Volcano Types

Fissure vent(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Foidite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,432
8,752
52,038
226,781

Geological Summary

Pleistocene and Holocene cinder cones and lava flows cover large portions of elongated Fuerteventura Island at the SE end of the Canary Islands. The youngest lavas are found at the northern and central portions of the arid, sparsely vegetated island. Malpais de la Arena, the Northern Malpais, and the Lobos Island areas at the northern tip of Fuerteventura are the sites of broad fields of youthful cinder cones and lava flows. The Malpais Chico, Malpais Grande, and Malpais de Jacomar areas on the south-central part of the island represent smaller zones of youthful volcanism, as do the volcanoes of Pajara, which were constructed on the older plutonic massif west of the axis of the island. No historical eruptions have occurred on Fuerteventura. although the very youthful appearance of lava flow surfaces in the central part of the island suggests a late-Holocene or prehistoric age.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Arana V, Carracedo J C, 1979. Los Volcanes de las Islas Canarias. II. Lanzarote-Fuerteventura. Madrid: Rueda, 176 p.

Fuster J M, Cendrero A, Gastesi P, Ibarrola E, Lopez-Ruiz J, 1968. Geologia y Volcanologia de las Islas Canarias - Fuerteventura. Madrid: Inst "Lucas Mallada", 239 p.

Mitchell-Thome R C, 1976. Geology of the Middle Atlantic Islands. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 382 p.

Neumann van Padang M, Richards A F, Machado F, Bravo T, Baker P E, Le Maitre R W, 1967. Atlantic Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 21: 1-128.

Schmincke H-U, Sumita M, 2010. Geological evolution of the Canary Islands. Koblenz: Gorres-Verlag: 188 p.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Fuerteventura. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Fuerteventura page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Arena, Montaña de la Cone - Crater 420 m 28° 38' 0" N 13° 56' 0" W
Bayuyo Vent 114 m 28° 42' 0" N 13° 53' 0" W
Bermeja, Montaña Cone 323 m 28° 31' 0" N 14° 1' 0" W
Blancas, Calderas Cone 329 m 28° 38' 0" N 13° 52' 0" W
Caiman, Montaña Cone 350 m 28° 37' 0" N 13° 52' 0" W
Caldereta, Montaña de la Cone 398 m 28° 31' 0" N 13° 55' 0" W
Calderita, La Vent 123 m 28° 18' 0" N 13° 59' 0" W
Escangraga, Montaña de Cone 529 m 28° 37' 0" N 13° 53' 0" W
Piedra del Sal, Montaña Cone 467 m 28° 33' 0" N 13° 56' 0" W
Quemada, Montaña Cone 375 m 28° 34' 0" N 13° 59' 0" W
Roja, Calderilla de Cone - Crater 312 m 28° 38' 0" N 13° 50' 0" W
Saltos, Montaña de los Cone 338 m 28° 38' 0" N 13° 55' 0" W
San Andres, Montaña de Cone 454 m 28° 31' 0" N 13° 56' 0" W
Tamacite, Montaña Cone 354 m 28° 18' 0" N 14° 3' 0" W
Temerejeque, Montaña Cone 511 m 28° 33' 0" N 13° 55' 0" W
Tindaya, Montaña Cone 401 m 28° 36' 0" N 13° 59' 0" W
Tirba, Montaña Cone 345 m 28° 16' 0" N 14° 5' 0" W

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Arrabales, Caldera de los Caldera 243 m 28° 18' 0" N 13° 59' 0" W
Calderas, Las Caldera 246 m 28° 43' 0" N 13° 55' 0" W
Encantada, Caldera Caldera 234 m 28° 42' 0" N 13° 55' 0" W
Gairia, Caldera de Caldera 461 m 28° 21' 29" N 14° 1' 0" W
Hondo, Calderon Caldera 277 m 28° 42' 0" N 13° 56' 0" W
Laguna, Caldera de Caldera 300 m 28° 20' 0" N 14° 0' 0" W
Liria, Caldera de Caldera 255 m 28° 19' 0" N 14° 0' 0" W
Lobos, Isla de Crater 127 m 28° 45' 0" N 13° 50' 0" W
Rebanada, Caldera de Caldera 250 m 28° 42' 0" N 13° 55' 0" W

Photo Gallery


Pleistocene and Holocene cinder cones and lava flows cover large portions of elongated Fuerteventura Island at the SE end of the Canary Islands. As seen in this Space Shuttle image, the youngest lavas form the darker colored areas at the northern tip of the island (including the small Lobos Island opposite the light-colored area on the NE tip of Fuerteventura) as well as in the south-central part of the arid island. Linear weather clouds extend from the SW tip of the island. No historical eruptions have occurred on Fuerteventura.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS002-732-26, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Fuerteventura Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.