Bristol Island

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 59.063°S
  • 26.587°W

  • 1100 m
    3608 ft

  • 390080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Bristol Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Bristol Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Bristol Island.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1956 Jan 11 1956 Jan 19 (?) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations West flank
1950 Mar 27 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1936 Dec 18 1937 Jan 1 (?) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1935 Dec 31 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1823 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The largely glacier-covered, 9 x 10 km Bristol Island is one of the largest of the South Sandwich Islands. Both summit and flank vents on Bristol Island have been active during historical time. The latest eruption, during 1956, originated from the west-flank crater, and deposited cinder over the icecap. The extensive icecap on Bristol Island and the difficulty of landing make it the least explored of the South Sandwich Islands.

ASTER satellite image, 2002 (National Aeronautical and Space Administration, courtesy of ASTER science team).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Bristol Island in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites