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Candlemas Island

Photo of this volcano
  • United Kingdom
  • Antarctica
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1911 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 57.08°S
  • 26.67°W

  • 550 m
    1804 ft

  • 390100
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Candlemas Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Candlemas Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Candlemas Island.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 4 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1953 Dec 31 ± 365 days ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   NW flank (Lucifer Hill)
1911 Nov 6 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NW flank (Lucifer Hill)
1823 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NW flank (Lucifer Hill)
1250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Ice Core S Sandwich Is (probably Candlemass)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Candlemas Island.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Candlemas Island.

Photo Gallery

The southern end of Candlemas Island (upper right) consists of an eroded, glacier-covered stratovolcano whose lava flows may have originated from a former summit vent located east of the island. The snow-free area at the NW part of the island is Lucifer Hill, a scoria-cone complex that was the source of snow-covered lava flows seen in this image. Geysers and hot pools have been observed on several occasions during the 20th century. Vindication Island (lower left), of possible Holocene age, is located 4.5 km west of Candlemas Island.

ASTER satellite image, 2001 (National Aeronautical and Space Administration, courtesy of ASTER science team).
See title for photo information.
The glacier-covered peaks of Mount Andromeda (Ieft) and Mount Perseus (right) rise along the eastern side of Candlemas Island. Young lava fields erupted from Lucifer Hill appear at the far right, beyond a narrow spit dividing greenish Gorgon Pool from Kraken Cove. Medusa Pool lies below the cloud beyond Gorgon Pool. Contemporary accounts indicate modifications to these spits and flats since a 1908 visit to the island, and Lucifer Hill erupted in the 19th century and possibly after the 1908 visit. Vindication Island rises beyond Candlemas.

Photograph by HMS Endurance (courtesy of John Smellie, British Antarctic Survey).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: S Orkney, S GA & S Sandwich Islands
Publisher: BAS British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge
Country: Antarctica
Year: 1984
Series: 500
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of S Orkney, S GA & S Sandwich Islands

Title: South Sandwich Islands
Publisher: Directorate of Colonial Surveys
Country: S Sandwich Islands
Year: 1949
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of South Sandwich Islands
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Candlemas Island in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites