- Info & Contacts
The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Candlemas Island.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Candlemas Island.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Candlemas Island.
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Lichtmess Insel | Candelaria|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Lucifer Hill||Cone||229 m||57° 4' 0" S||26° 42' 0" W|
|Cone||236 m||57° 7' 7" S||26° 49' 21" W|
There is data available for 4 Holocene eruptive periods.
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1953 Dec 31 ± 365 days ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||0||NW flank (Lucifer Hill)|
|1911 Nov 6||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||NW flank (Lucifer Hill)|
|1823||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||NW flank (Lucifer Hill)|
|1250 BCE (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||Ice Core||S Sandwich Is (probably Candlemass)|
There is no Deformation History data available for Candlemas Island.
There is no Emissions History data available for Candlemas Island.
|The southern end of Candlemas Island (upper right) consists of an eroded, glacier-covered stratovolcano whose lava flows may have originated from a former summit vent located east of the island. The snow-free area at the NW part of the island is Lucifer Hill, a scoria-cone complex that was the source of snow-covered lava flows seen in this image. Geysers and hot pools have been observed on several occasions during the 20th century. Vindication Island (lower left), of possible Holocene age, is located 4.5 km west of Candlemas Island.
ASTER satellite image, 2001 (National Aeronautical and Space Administration, courtesy of ASTER science team).
|The glacier-covered peaks of Mount Andromeda (Ieft) and Mount Perseus (right) rise along the eastern side of Candlemas Island. Young lava fields erupted from Lucifer Hill appear at the far right, beyond a narrow spit dividing greenish Gorgon Pool from Kraken Cove. Medusa Pool lies below the cloud beyond Gorgon Pool. Contemporary accounts indicate modifications to these spits and flats since a 1908 visit to the island, and Lucifer Hill erupted in the 19th century and possibly after the 1908 visit. Vindication Island rises beyond Candlemas.
Photograph by HMS Endurance (courtesy of John Smellie, British Antarctic Survey).
The Global Volcanism Program has no maps available for Candlemas Island.
There are no samples for Candlemas Island in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.
|DECADE Data||The DECADE portal, still in the developmental stage, serves as an example of the proposed interoperability between The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program, the MAGA Database, and the EarthChem Geochemical Portal. The Deep Earth Carbon Degassing (DECADE) initiative seeks to use new and established technologies to determine accurate global fluxes of volcanic CO2 to the atmosphere, but installing CO2 monitoring networks on 20 of the world's 150 most actively degassing volcanoes. The group uses related laboratory-based studies (direct gas sampling and analysis, melt inclusions) to provide new data for direct degassing of deep earth carbon to the atmosphere.|
Single Volcano View
Temporal Evolution of Unrest
Side by Side Volcanoes
|WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|Large Eruptions of Candlemas Island||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|
|MODVOLC Thermal Alerts||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|