Wurlali

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.125°S
  • 128.675°E

  • 868 m
    2847 ft

  • 265040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: January 1993 (BGVN 18:01) Citation IconCite this Report


Landslides and steam emissions triggered by earthquakes

Landslides and steam emissions on Wurlali volcano were triggered by MM IV-V earthquakes near the [island]. About 4,000 people fled the area, and one of the evacuees died of shock. Staff from VSI observed small landslides and cracks in house walls. There was no volcanic activity observed following the landslides, but the usual white plumes continued to rise 30-50 m above the crater. Tectonic earthquakes were continuing at rates of 14-32/day on 8 February.

Information Contacts: W. Tjetjep, VSI.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Wurlali.

Bulletin Reports - Index


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

01/1993 (BGVN 18:01) Landslides and steam emissions triggered by earthquakes




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


January 1993 (BGVN 18:01) Citation IconCite this Report


Landslides and steam emissions triggered by earthquakes

Landslides and steam emissions on Wurlali volcano were triggered by MM IV-V earthquakes near the [island]. About 4,000 people fled the area, and one of the evacuees died of shock. Staff from VSI observed small landslides and cracks in house walls. There was no volcanic activity observed following the landslides, but the usual white plumes continued to rise 30-50 m above the crater. Tectonic earthquakes were continuing at rates of 14-32/day on 8 February.

Information Contacts: W. Tjetjep, VSI.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1892 Jun 3 1892 Jun 5 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


Wurlali volcano (also referred to as Damar), seen here from Cape Wilhelmus on the north, is part of Indoneisia's Banda Island chain. The 868-m-high stratovolcano was formed in the northern part of a 5-km-wide caldera, and has twin summit craters. During historical time only a single explosive eruption occurred, in 1892 from the summit crater.

Photo by K. Sumaryano, 1994 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
See title for photo information.
Steam issues from the sulfur-encrusted Wurlali fumarole field, which is a source of sulfur extraction. Fumarolic areas at Wurlali occur in the summit crater and on the SE flank.

Photo by K. Sumaryano, 1994 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
See title for photo information.
Gunung Wurlali volcano rises above Teluk Kuluwati village on its southern flank. The 868-m-high stratovolcano (also known as Damar) rises 3800 m above the Banda Sea floor.

Photo by S. Siswowidjojo, 1978 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Wurlali in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites