Tata Sabaya

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  • Bolivia
  • South America
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.13°S
  • 68.53°W

  • 5430 m
    17810 ft

  • 355032
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tata Sabaya.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tata Sabaya.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tata Sabaya.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
355032

Unknown - Evidence Credible

5430 m / 17810 ft

19.13°S
68.53°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
97
519
6,266
40,064

Geological Summary

The symmetrical Tata Sabaya stratovolcano towers above the northern end of the Salar de Coipasa in the Altiplano of Bolivia. A pyroclastic shield capped by lava domes was topped by effusive eruptions that formed an unglaciated andesitic stratovolcano. Collapse of this edifice produced a large late-Pleistocene debris avalanche that swept into the Salar de Coipasa and covered an area of more than 300 sq km south of the volcano, traveling up to 30 km. Tufa deposits on avalanche hummocks in the Salar de Coipasa correspond to a ca. 12,000 year old high stand of the lake. Renewed eruptions during the Holocene constructed lava domes and flows that have restored much of the original edifice, producing the present-day stratovolcano, whose summit is formed by a 5430-m-high lava dome. Youthful lava flows extend down the NW and western flanks of the volcano, and pyroclastic-flow deposits from partial collapse of the summit dome extend to the lower SW flank.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

de Silva S L, Davidson J P, Croudace I W, Escobar A, 1993. Volcanological and petrological evolution of Volcan Tata Sabaya, SW Bolivia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 55: 305-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(93)90043-Q

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Francis P W, Wells G L, 1988. Landsat thematic mapper observations of debris avalanche deposits in the central Andes. Bull Volc, 50: 258-278.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Tata Sabaya. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Tata Sabaya page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Tata Sabaya.

Photo Gallery


Symmetrical Tata Sabaya stratovolcano towers to the north above the village of Pagador in the Altiplano of Bolivia. Thick dacitic lava flows at the left partially cover a scarp from a major collapse of the edifice that produced a large debris avalanche which swept into the Salar de Coipasa, covering an area of more than 300 sq km south of the volcano. The morphology of the volcano has been subsequently modified by dome emplacement (left and right) and hot avalanches.

Photo by Jon Davidson (University of Durham).
A long E-W-trending volcanic chain extends across the border between Chile and Bolivia in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right). The chain extends from historically active Isluga volcano (upper left) to eroded Saxani volcano at the lower right. The smaller volcano immediately to the west of Saxani with a sharp shadow is the steep-sided Tata Sabaya volcano. Tata Sabaya was the source of a major debris-avalanche deposit (bottom center) that forms the small dark-colored hills on the white floor of Salar de Coipasa.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS009-E-6849, 2004 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Tata Sabaya Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.