Madeira

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 32.73°N
  • 16.97°W

  • 1862 m
    6107 ft

  • 382120
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Madeira.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Madeira.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Madeira.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
4500 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Paul da Serra

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The 90-km-long island of Madeira is seen in this NASA Landsat image (with north to the top). Construction of the volcano along E-W-trending rift zones was followed by a period of extensive erosion and possible edifice collapse. The capital city of Funchal lies along the SE coast, east of a large caldera that extends to the southern coast. Late-stage eruptions were scattered throughout the island, although the youngest activity took place along the west-central crest of the island, on the Paul da Serra plateau near the cloud near the center of this image.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)
See title for photo information.
The rugged summit of Pico Ruvio forms the 1862-m high point of the island of Madeira and is a popular destination for hikers. This eroded scoria-cone complex was erupted during a late stage of Pliocene-to-Pleistocene rift activity along the axis of the Madeira rift. Dense swarms of dikes, some of which are visible in this image, are oriented E-W, parallel to the orientation of the rift.

Photo by Paul Bernhardt.
See title for photo information.
Funchal, the capital city of Madeira, blankets the SE flanks of the massive shield volcano forming the island. The scenic island, sometimes known as the Pearl of the Atlantic, is the emergent summit of a volcano constructed along an East-West trending rift zone. Following a period of extensive erosion, renewed eruptions produced cinder cones and lava flows that traveled down dissected valleys.

Photo by Paul Bernhardt.
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Madeira in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites