Lanzarote

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 29.03°N
  • 13.63°W

  • 670 m
    2198 ft

  • 383060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Lanzarote.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Lanzarote.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Lanzarote.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History


There is data available for 4 Holocene eruptive periods.


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1824 Jul 31 1824 Oct 24 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Tao, Nuevo del Fuego, Tinguatón
1730 Sep 1 1736 Apr 16 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Montañas del Fuego
0700 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Magnetism Mazo, Santa Catalina, Corazoncillo
0500 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Magnetism Montaña de Juan Perdomo

Deformation History


There is data available for 2 deformation periods. Expand each entry for additional details.


Deformation during 1992 - 2000 [Subsidence; Observed by InSAR]

Start Date: 1992 Stop Date: 2000 Direction: Subsidence Method: InSAR
Magnitude: Unknown Spatial Extent: 3.00 km Latitude: 30.000 Longitude: -14.000

Remarks: Located in the Timanfaya eruption area, possibly related to presence of a partly molten magma chamber

(a) Estimated descending linear deformation rate between 2 September 1992 to 8 January 2000. The black rectangle shows the location of Figure 9, as well the figure inset, which is a zoom into the Montan?as del Fuego area (Timanfaya eruptive centers)). (b?i) Time series of displacements and associated estimated errors of 8 selected points. See text for details.

From: Gonzalez and Fernandez 2011.


Reference List: Gonzalez and Fernandez 2011.

Full References:

Gonzalez P J, Fernandez J, 2011. Error estimation in multitemporal InSAR deformation time series, with application to Lanzarote, Canary Islands. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, B10404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JB008412

Deformation during 1992 - 2000 [Subsidence; Observed by InSAR]

Start Date: 1992 Stop Date: 2000 Direction: Subsidence Method: InSAR
Magnitude: Unknown Spatial Extent: Unknown Latitude: Unknown Longitude: Unknown

Remarks: Located on the northwestern coast

(a) Estimated descending linear deformation rate between 2 September 1992 to 8 January 2000. The black rectangle shows the location of Figure 9, as well the figure inset, which is a zoom into the Montan?as del Fuego area (Timanfaya eruptive centers)). (b?i) Time series of displacements and associated estimated errors of 8 selected points. See text for details.

From: Gonzalez and Fernandez 2011.


Reference List: Gonzalez and Fernandez 2011.

Full References:

Gonzalez P J, Fernandez J, 2011. Error estimation in multitemporal InSAR deformation time series, with application to Lanzarote, Canary Islands. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, B10404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JB008412

Emission History


There is no Emissions History data available for Lanzarote.

Photo Gallery


Circular Caldera del Corazoncillo (center), also known as Caldera de Fuencaliente, was active during a two-week period in September 1730, at the beginning of the 1730-36 Montañas del Fuego eruption on Lanzarote. The lava flows were erupted from NE-SW-trending fissures, and most reached the coast along a broad 20-km-wide front on the western side of the island. The 60-km-long island of Lanzarote at the NE end of the Canary Islands contains the largest concentration of youthful volcanism in the Canaries.

Photo by Nicolau Wallenstein (Center of Volcanology, Azores University).
See title for photo information.
The Caldera de los Cuervos (left-center) was formed during the initial stage of the largest historical eruption of the Canary Islands during 1730 to 1736. Eruptions from a NE-SW trending fissure formed the Montañas del Fuego and produced voluminous lava flows that covered about 200 sq km, reaching the western coast. The villages of Maretas and Santa Catalina were destroyed along with the most fertile valleys and estates of the arid island.

Photo by Raphaël Paris, 2001 (CNRS, Clermont-Ferrand).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116691-12 Lava -- --

Affiliated Sites