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The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Lanzarote.
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The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Lanzarote.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1824 Jul 31||1824 Oct 24||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||Tao, Nuevo del Fuego, Tinguatón|
|1730 Sep 1||1736 Apr 16||Confirmed||3||Historical Observations||Montañas del Fuego|
|0700 ± 50 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Magnetism||Mazo, Santa Catalina, Corazoncillo|
|0500 ± 50 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Magnetism||Montaña de Juan Perdomo|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Timanfaya, Montanas del|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Amarilla, Montaña||Cone||172 m||29° 13' 0" N||13° 32' 0" W|
|Bermeja, Montaña||Cone||157 m||29° 17' 0" N||13° 31' 0" W|
|Blanca, Montaña||Cone||556 m||28° 59' 0" N||13° 38' 0" W|
|Clara, Montaña||Cone||256 m||29° 17' 0" N||13° 32' 0" W|
|Corona, Monte||Cone - Crater||609 m||29° 11' 0" N||13° 29' 0" W|
|Fuego, Montañas del||Cone - Crater||510 m||28° 59' 31" N||13° 44' 31" W|
|Guatisea, Montaña||Cone||544 m||28° 56' 0" N||13° 38' 0" W|
|Helechos, Los||Cone||581 m||29° 10' 0" N||13° 30' 0" W|
|Juan Perdomo, Montaña de||Cone||129 m||28° 59' 0" N||13° 49' 0" W|
|Lobos, Montaña||Cone - Crater||221 m||29° 23' 0" N||13° 30' 0" W|
|Mojon, Montaña del||Cone||188 m||29° 14' 0" N||13° 30' 0" W|
|Morro de las Atalayas||Cone||199 m||29° 24' 0" N||13° 30' 0" W|
|Partido, Pico||Cone - Crater||517 m||29° 0' 7" N||13° 42' 7" W|
|Pedre Barba, Montaña de||Cone||266 m||29° 15' 0" N||13° 30' 0" W|
|Roque de Infierno||Cone||41 m||29° 19' 0" N||13° 31' 0" W|
|Tamia, Montaña||Cone||550 m||29° 2' 0" N||13° 38' 0" W|
Tao, Volcán de
Clerigo Duarte, Montaña del
|Cone - Crater||303 m||29° 2' 28" N||13° 37' 0" W|
|Timanfaya Antigua||Cone||28° 59' 0" N||13° 41' 0" W|
|Tinga, Montaña de||Cone||402 m||29° 0' 0" N||13° 40' 52" W|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Blanca, Caldera||Crater - Cone||458 m||29° 2' 0" N||13° 44' 0" W|
|Caldera, La||Crater - Cone||289 m||29° 24' 0" N||13° 32' 0" W|
Carcabullo o Pedregal
|Caldera||465 m||29° 0' 0" N||13° 40' 34" W|
Corazoncillo, Caldera del
Fuencaliente, Caldera de
|Crater - Cone||424 m||28° 59' 31" N||13° 43' 41" W|
|Fuego de Timanfaya, Montañas del [Quemada||Crater - Cone||510 m||28° 59' 17" N||13° 56' 20" W|
Lapas, Caldera de las
Cuervos, Caldera de los
Cuervos, Montaña de los
|Caldera||384 m||28° 59' 6" N||13° 41' 31" W|
Nuevo del Fuego, Volcán
|Caldera||356 m||29° 0' 14" N||13° 40' 34" W|
|Quemada de Orzola, La||Crater|
Quemadas, Las Calderas
|Crater - Cone||384 m||28° 59' 17" N||13° 56' 20" W|
|Quemado, Volcán de el||Crater||75 m||29° 59' 0" N||13° 49' 0" W|
|Caldera||225 m||28° 59' 17" N||13° 46' 59" W|
|Caldera||458 m||28° 59' 31" N||13° 43' 0" W|
Roja de Mazo, Caldera
Mazo, Volcán de
|Caldera||427 m||29° 0' 47" N||13° 44' 10" W|
|Santa Catalina, Caldera de||Crater||29° 59' 0" N||13° 42' 0" W|
|Crater - Cone||330 m||29° 0' 47" N||13° 42' 32" W|
|Circular Caldera del Corazoncillo (center), also known as Caldera de Fuencaliente, was active during a two-week period in September 1730, at the beginning of the 1730-36 Montañas del Fuego eruption on Lanzarote. The lava flows were erupted from NE-SW-trending fissures, and most reached the coast along a broad 20-km-wide front on the western side of the island. The 60-km-long island of Lanzarote at the NE end of the Canary Islands contains the largest concentration of youthful volcanism in the Canaries.
Photo by Nicolau Wallenstein (Center of Volcanology, Azores University).
|The Caldera de los Cuervos (left-center) was formed during the initial stage of the largest historical eruption of the Canary Islands during 1730 to 1736. Eruptions from a NE-SW trending fissure formed the Montañas del Fuego and produced voluminous lava flows that covered about 200 sq km, reaching the western coast. The villages of Maretas and Santa Catalina were destroyed along with the most fertile valleys and estates of the arid island.
Photo by Raphaël Paris, 2001 (CNRS, Clermont-Ferrand).
The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.
|Catalog Number||Sample Description|
|NMNH 116691-12||Lava with stalactite and stalagmite|
|Large Eruptions of Lanzarote||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|WOVOdat||WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|
|MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|