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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.85°N
  • 24.72°W

  • 900 m
    2952 ft

  • 384020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Brava.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Brava.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Brava.

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Brava Island, 20 km west of Fogo, is the westernmost of the southern Cape Verde islands. The 10-km-wide island contains 15 morphologically youthful craters located along two or three lineaments intersecting along the crest of the island. The youthfulness of the craters and numerous minor earthquakes in recent years indicate that a significant volcanic hazard still exists (Wolff and Turbeville, 1985). Most of the younger eruptions originated from the interaction of phonolitic magmas with a large groundwater reservoir contained within an older volcanic series characterized by thick welded ignimbrites and block-and-ash flow deposits. Carbonatitic lavas are also found on Brava.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Brava. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Brava page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Brava.

Photo Gallery

Small craters are visible on Brava Island (lower center), located across a channel 20 km west of Fogo (upper right). Brava is the westernmost of the southern Cape Verde Islands. Brava contains 15 morphologically youthful craters that were constructed along two or three lineaments intersecting along the crest of the 10-km-wide island. The small islets of Ilheus Secos lie north and NE of Brava. The large summit caldera of Fogo is visible at the extreme upper right.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS108-713-47, 2001 (


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Heleno S I N, Fonseca J F B D, 1999. A seismological investigation of the Fogo volcano, Cape Verde Islands: preliminary results. Volc Seism, 20: 199-217 (English translation).

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Mitchell-Thome R C, 1976. Geology of the Middle Atlantic Islands. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 382 p.

Wolff J A, Turbeville B N, 1985. Recent pyroclastic deposits on Brava, Cape Verde Islands (abs). Eos, Trans Amer Geophys Union, 66: 1152.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Brava Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.