Ol Doinyo Eburru

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 0.65°S
  • 36.22°E

  • 2856 m
    9368 ft

  • 222080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Ol Doinyo Eburru.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Ol Doinyo Eburru.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Ol Doinyo Eburru.

Eburru volcano is elongated perpendicular to the Gregory Rift NW of Lake Naivasha. The 2856-m-high, E-W-trending main edifice is eroded, but young partly vegetated rhyolitic domes occur on the east flank and are probably of Holocene age (Thompson and Dodson, 1963). Pleistocene phonolitic and trachytic lava flows are overlain by rhyolitic obsidian lava flows forming much of the northern and NE slopes of the main massif. A prominent late-Pleistocene rhyolitic lava flow from a SE-flank vents extends almost to Lake Naivasha. Extensive fumarolic activity occurs at cinder cones and craters constructed along dominantly N-S-trending faults cutting the massif.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Ol Doinyo Eburru. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Ol Doinyo Eburru page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Buru, Doinyo | Burru, Doinyo | Eburru | Ol Buru, Doinyo

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cedar Hill Dome 0° 6' 0" S 36° 16' 0" E
Vegetated Eburru volcano (center) is elongated perpendicular to the Gregory Rift NW of Lake Naivasha (lower right). The E-W-trending main edifice is eroded, but young craters cut the eastern part of the summit ridge, and partly vegetated, probably Holocene rhyolitic domes occur on the east flank. Extensive fumarolic activity occurs at cinder cones and craters constructed along faults cutting the massif. Lava flows of the Elmenteita Badlands are visible at the top-center portion of this Landsat image.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Richard J J, Neumann van Padang M, 1957. Africa and the Red Sea. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI 4: 1-118.

Thompson A O, Dodson R G, 1963. Geology of the Naivasha area. Geol Surv Kenya Rpt, 55: 1-80.

Volcano Types

Complex
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Rhyolite
Phonolite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
460
9,365
323,529
7,992,639

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Ol Doinyo Eburru Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.