Report on Kilauea (United States) — 2 May-8 May 2007
Smithsonian Institution / US Geological Survey
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 2 May-8 May 2007
Managing Editor: Sally Sennert.
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2007. Report on Kilauea (United States) (Sennert, S, ed.). Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 2 May-8 May 2007. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
19.421°N, 155.287°W; summit elev. 1222 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
During 2-8 May, lava from Kilauea continued to flow SE across a lava delta into the ocean at the Kamokuna entry. Incandescence was visible from several vents in the Pu'u 'O'o crater and from breakouts on, above, and at the base of the Pulama pali fault scarp. Earthquake activity was scattered at the summit, upper E rift zone, and S-flank areas. Tremor remained at moderate levels. During 3-4 May, large channelized a'a' flows descended down the pali on the Campout flow. On 4 May, a sheet flow ponded lava at the base of the Royal Gardens sub-division. On 8 May, HVO scientists reported that for the past several months, Kilauea caldera widened at a rate of 1.5 cm/month and Pu'u 'O'o cone was slowly collapsing, as indicated by new cracks on the S flank. Subsidence of the cone's N flank at a rate of 1 cm/month was also measured.
Geological Summary. Kilauea overlaps the E flank of the massive Mauna Loa shield volcano in the island of Hawaii. Eruptions are prominent in Polynesian legends; written documentation since 1820 records frequent summit and flank lava flow eruptions interspersed with periods of long-term lava lake activity at Halemaumau crater in the summit caldera until 1924. The 3 x 5 km caldera was formed in several stages about 1,500 years ago and during the 18th century; eruptions have also originated from the lengthy East and Southwest rift zones, which extend to the ocean in both directions. About 90% of the surface of the basaltic shield volcano is formed of lava flows less than about 1,100 years old; 70% of the surface is younger than 600 years. The long-term eruption from the East rift zone between 1983 and 2018 produced lava flows covering more than 100 km2, destroyed hundreds of houses, and added new coastline.