The Smithsonian is the owner of the compilation of content that is posted on the SI Websites, which consists of text, images, audio, video, databases, design, codes and software ("Content"). However, the Smithsonian does not necessarily own each component of the compilation. The Content that the Smithsonian makes available on the SI Websites may be owned by the Smithsonian, owned by others and used with their permission (such as user-generated content), or used in accordance with applicable law. Some Content is in the public domain and some Content is protected by third party rights, such as copyright, trademark, rights of publicity, privacy, and contractual restrictions.
Smithsonian Content is identified as having "no known copyright restrictions" when the Smithsonian is unaware of any copyright restrictions on its use. This may mean that: (1) a copyright existed at one time but was not renewed, or the copyright may have expired, or the owner may have intentionally placed the Content into the public domain; or (2) the Content was never eligible for copyright protection because it was created by an employee of the United States as part of his or her official duties, or (3) there are no copyright markings or other indications on the Content to indicate that it was copyrighted or otherwise restricted; or (4) Smithsonian records do not indicate any evidence of copyright restrictions. These facts do not necessarily mean that the Content is in the public domain, but rather indicate that no evidence has been found to show that copyright restrictions apply.
The Smithsonian welcomes you to make fair use of the Content as defined by copyright law. Information on United States copyright fair use law is available from the United States Copyright Office. Please note that you are responsible for determining whether your use is fair and for responding to any claims that may arise from your use. In addition, the Smithsonian allows personal, educational, and other non-commercial uses of the Content on the following terms:
- You must cite the author and source of the Content as you would material from any printed work.
- You must also cite and link to, when possible, the SI Website as the source of the Content.
- You may not remove any copyright, trademark, or other proprietary notices including attribution information, credits, and notices, that are placed in or near the text, images, or data.
- You must comply with all terms or restrictions other than copyright (such as trademark, publicity and privacy rights, or contractual restrictions) as may be specified in the metadata or as may otherwise apply to the Content.
For general referencing and links to GVP content, please use "Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution" with a hyperlink to the home page at https://volcano.si.edu/. More specific deep-linking is allowed as long as this minimum citation standard is met.
Volcanoes of the World database. The database compilation is a product of employees of the United States, and falls under (2) in the Intellectual Property Rights in Content section above. References are provided for sources of the data. Database content includes the majority of material describing volcanoes and eruptive activity provided through this website, downloads, or webservices; related publications are described below. The proper citation to the Volcanoes of the World database, or extracts from it, is on the Database Information page.
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network. This online publication of detailed volcano reports (and previous published newsletters under the same or earlier titles) is a product of employees of the United States, and falls under (2) above. Sources of information used are given at the end of each report, either as Information Contacts or References. Each report includes a citation link near the top of each report that goes to a customized page with the proper citation and DOI.
Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report. This online publication of current volcanic activity is a product of employees of the United States, and falls under (2) above. Each individual volcano report can be cited individually; a citation link is provided at the top of each report.
Photographs. Photos and other graphic images (maps, diagrams, etc.) appear both in Bulletin reports as well as in Galleries on volcano profile pages or elsewhere. Publication in reports is either by permissions for copyrighted material, products of other government agencies (international rules may vary), or under Fair Use doctrine. Photos that appear in galleries will have both caption and credit information associated with them. Photos credited to a Smithsonian employee (or other US government agency) falls under (2) above. Unless otherwise noted in the caption for an image, GVP makes no guarantee or assurance regarding copyright status; it is your responsibility to determine what permission(s) are needed to use the Content and, if necessary, to obtain such permission.