How to cite GVP Content
For general referencing and links to GVP content, please use "Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution" with a hyperlink to the home page at https://volcano.si.edu/. More specific deep-linking is allowed as long as this minimum citation standard is met.
Database content includes the majority of material describing volcanoes and eruptive activity provided through this website, downloads, or webservices; related publications are described below. Links to specific volcano profile citations are under the photo on each volcano page. Formal citations should be similar to the following formats, modified as needed depending on journal style.
General Database Citation (example for today):
Global Volcanism Program, 2023. [Database] Volcanoes of the World (v. 5.0.3; 1 Mar 2023). Distributed by Smithsonian Institution, compiled by Venzke, E. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW5-2022.5.0
Specific Volcano Profile Citation (example volcano):
Global Volcanism Program, 2023. St. Helens (321050) in [Database] Volcanoes of the World (v. 5.0.3; 1 Mar 2023). Distributed by Smithsonian Institution, compiled by Venzke, E. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW5-2022.5.0
Each individual volcano report includes a citation link in the header bar of each report that goes to a customized page with the proper citation and DOI. Sources of information used are given at the end of each report.
Example WVAR Citation:
Global Volcanism Program, 2006. Report on Merapi (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 31 May-6 June 2006. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey. https://volcano.si.edu/showreport.cfm?wvar=GVP.WVAR20060531-263250
Each individual volcano report includes a citation link in the header bar of each report that goes to a customized page with the proper citation and DOI. Sources of information used are given at the end of each report, either as Information Contacts or References.
Example BGVN Citation:
Global Volcanism Program, 2018. Report on Agung (Indonesia) (Crafford, A.E., and Venzke, E., eds.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 43:1. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN201801-264020
Volcanoes of the World (VOTW) Database Information