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How to cite GVP Content

The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP) provides the content on this website (volcano.si.edu) in support of the overal Smithsonian mission for the "increase and diffusion of knowledge." All material created by and made available on this website by GVP is governed by the Smithsonian Terms of Use. The Smithsonian invites visitors to use its online content for personal, educational, and other non-commercial purposes. The database compilation, Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, and Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are products of employees of the United States, and fall under (2) in the Intellectual Property Rights in Content section of the Terms of Use for GVP Content.


General Referencing

For general referencing and links to GVP content, please use "Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution" with a hyperlink to the home page at https://volcano.si.edu/. More specific deep-linking is allowed as long as this minimum citation standard is met.


Volcanoes of the World database

Database content includes the majority of material describing volcanoes and eruptive activity provided through this website, downloads, or webservices; related publications are described below. Links to specific volcano profile citations are under the photo on each volcano page. Formal citations should be similar to the following formats, modified as needed depending on journal style.

General Database Citation (example for today):

Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.9.0 (04 Jun 2020). Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 09 Jul 2020. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013.

Example Volcano Profile Citation:

Global Volcanism Program, 2013. St. Helens (321050) in Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.8.6 (20 Feb 2020). Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 26 Feb 2020 (https://volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=321050). https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013..


Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report (WVAR)

Each individual volcano report includes a citation link in the header bar of each report that goes to a customized page with the proper citation and DOI. Sources of information used are given at the end of each report.

Example WVAR Citation:

Global Volcanism Program, 2006. Report on Merapi (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 31 May-6 June 2006. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey. https://volcano.si.edu/showreport.cfm?doi=GVP.WVAR20060531-263250.


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network (BGVN)

Each individual volcano report includes a citation link in the header bar of each report that goes to a customized page with the proper citation and DOI. Sources of information used are given at the end of each report, either as Information Contacts or References.

Example BGVN Citation:

Global Volcanism Program, 2018. Report on Agung (Indonesia) (Crafford, A.E., and Venzke, E., eds.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 43:1. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN201801-264020.


Related Pages

Terms of Use for GVP Content

Volcanoes of the World (VOTW) Database Information