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Current Eruptions

Overall there are 44 volcanoes with ongoing eruptions as of the Stop Dates indicated, and as reported through the last data update (4 June 2020), sorted with the most recently started eruption at the top. Information about more recently started eruptions can be found in the Weekly Report.

Although detailed statistics are not kept on daily activity, generally there are around 20 volcanoes actively erupting on any particular day. The Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report (WVAR) for the week ending on 30 June 2020 includes the 22 volcanoes bolded and shown below in the WVAR column (rollover for report).

An eruption marked as "continuing" does not always mean that the activity is continuous or happening today, but that there have been at least some intermittent eruptive events at that volcano without a break of at least 3 months since it started. An eruption listed here also might have ended since the last public data update, or at the update time a firm end date had not yet been determined due to potential renewed activity.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI WVAR
Cleveland United States 2020 Jun 1 2020 Jun 1 (continuing)
Karymsky Russia 2020 Apr 1 ± 9 days 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) Yes
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica 2020 Jan 31 2020 Jun 4 (continuing)
Kuchinoerabujima Japan 2020 Jan 11 2020 Jun 4 (continuing)
Nishinoshima Japan 2019 Dec 5 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 1 Yes
Klyuchevskoy Russia 2019 Oct 24 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2 Yes
Asosan Japan 2019 Apr 16 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Sangay Ecuador 2019 Mar 26 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2 Yes
Tinakula Solomon Islands 2018 Dec 8 (in or before) 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Karangetang Indonesia 2018 Nov 25 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Barren Island India 2018 Sep 25 2020 May 22 (continuing) 1
Krakatau Indonesia 2018 Jun 18 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 3
Merapi Indonesia 2018 May 11 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 3 Yes
Nyamuragira DR Congo 2018 Apr 18 2020 Jun 1 (continuing) 0
Kadovar Papua New Guinea 2018 Jan 5 2020 Jun 3 (continuing) 2
Nevado del Ruiz Colombia 2017 Dec 18 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Sangeang Api Indonesia 2017 Jul 15 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 2017 Apr 9 2020 Jun 2 (continuing) 0
Aira Japan 2017 Mar 25 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 1 Yes
Sabancaya Peru 2016 Nov 6 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 3 Yes
Ebeko Russia 2016 Oct 20 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2 Yes
Nevados de Chillan Chile 2016 Jan 8 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2 Yes
Masaya Nicaragua 2015 Oct 3 2020 May 18 (continuing) 1
Pacaya Guatemala 2015 Jun 7 ± 1 days 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 1 Yes
Villarrica Chile 2014 Dec 2 ± 7 days 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 1
Saunders United Kingdom 2014 Nov 12 2020 Jun 1 (continuing) 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 2020 May 14 (continuing) 2
Semeru Indonesia 2014 Apr 1 ± 15 days 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 3 Yes
Etna Italy 2013 Sep 3 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Heard Australia 2012 Sep 5 ± 4 days 2020 May 3 (continuing) 0
Bezymianny Russia 2010 May 21 (?) 2020 Jun 3 (continuing) 3
Reventador Ecuador 2008 Jul 27 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2 Yes
Ibu Indonesia 2008 Apr 5 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 1
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Suwanosejima Japan 2004 Oct 23 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2 Yes
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 3
Bagana Papua New Guinea 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) 2020 Jun 2 (continuing) 2
Sheveluch Russia 1999 Aug 15 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 4 Yes
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 3 Yes
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 3 Yes
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2020 Jun 4 (continuing) 3 Yes
Report for Yasur
On 25 June the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geo-Hazards Department (VMGD) reported that seismic data and recent visual observations at Yasur confirmed ongoing explosions and gas-and-ash emissions. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 0-4). VMGD reminded residents and tourists that hazardous areas were near and around the volcanic crater, within a 600-m-radius exclusion zone, and that volcanic ash and gas could reach areas impacted by trade winds.
Report for Merapi
BPPTKG reported that during 19-25 June sometimes dense white emissions from Merapi rose as high as 600 m above the summit. The report noted that the lava-dome volume was an estimated 200,000 cubic meters on 13 June based on analyses of drone images. The morphology of the summit crater area had slightly changed after the 21 June eruption. Based on photos taken from the Ngepos Post about 19,000 cubic meters had been removed from the SW part of the summit, likely near or part of the crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and residents were warned to stay outside of the 3-km exclusion zone.
Report for Semeru
PVMBG and the Darwin VAAC reported that on most days during 24-30 June dense white-gray ash plumes from Semeru rose 200-500 m above the summit and drifted SW and N. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was reminded to stay outside of the general 1-km radius from the summit and 4 km on the SSE flank.
Report for Dukono
Based on satellite and wind model data, and information from PVMBG the Darwin VAAC reported that during 24 and 26-30 June ash plumes from Dukono rose to 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW and W. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.
Report for Kanlaon
PHIVOLCS reported that the seismic network recorded 6-44 volcano-tectonic earthquakes per day at Kanloan during 23-30 June and 1-4 volcanic earthquakes during 27-29 June. Steam plumes rose 100-300 m above the summit and drifted NE, NW, and SW. A M 3.6 earthquake was recorded at 1900 on 23 June and was felt at Intensity III in La Carlota City and at Intensity II in Bago City, Negros Occidental. Sulfur dioxide emissions were 438, 237, and 116 tonnes per day on 13, 24, and 27 June, respectively. The Alert Level remained at 1 (on a scale of 0-5) and PHIVOLCS reminded the public to remain outside of the 4-km-radius Permanent Danger Zone.
Report for Suwanosejima
JMA reported that nighttime incandescence at Suwanosejima’s Ontake Crater was occasionally visible during 19-26 June. Very small eruptive events were occasionally recorded with plumes rising as high as 900 m above the crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a 5-level scale).
Report for Aira
JMA reported that during 22-26 June two eruptive events at Minamidake Crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) produced plumes that rose as high as 1,300 m above the crater rim. An explosion at 1807 on 28 June ejected material 1,000-1,300 m away from the crater and produced a plume that rose 600 m above the crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).
Report for Asamayama
On 25 June JMA raised the Alert Level for Asamayama to 2 (on a scale of 1-5) noting that inflation on the W flank had been recorded since 20 June. The number of shallow (just below the summit, or 1-2 km a.s.l.) volcanic earthquakes had also increased; two volcanic tremors were detected on 20 June. Emissions form the summit crater had not changed and continued to be white in color and rise no more than 200 m above the crater rim.
Report for Nishinoshima
During an overflight of Nishinoshima on 29 June Japan Coast Guard observers noted black ash plumes vigorously rising from the central crater to more than 3.4 km (11,200 ft) a.s.l. A possible collapse of the SW part of the main crater was evident in photographs taken during the overflight. Strombolian explosions ejected lava above the cone and lava traveled SW, reaching the ocean and producing steam plumes. Discolored yellow-green water was visible as far as 1 km offshore. The marine exclusion zone was defined as a radius of about 2.6 km from the island.
Report for Ebeko
Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 19-26 June that sent ash plumes up to 3.5 km (11,500 ft) a.s.l. Ash plumes drifted in various directions, though during 21-25 June they drifted 50 km WSW. A thermal anomaly over the volcano was identified in satellite images during 21-25 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Karymsky
KVERT reported that a bright thermal anomaly over Karymsky was identified in satellite images during 19-26 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Klyuchevskoy
KVERT reported that Strombolian activity at Klyuchevskoy was visible during 19-26 June along with a bright thermal anomaly identified in satellite images. A lava flow continued to advance down the Apakhonchich drainage on the SE flank. Avalanches of material on the S side of the lava flow were sometimes visible. Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Report for Sheveluch
KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images during 19-26 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Makushin
AVO reported continuing numerous smaller earthquakes in an area about 10 km E of the Makushin’s summit at a depth of about 8 km during 24-30 June; the frequency and magnitude had been declining since 15 June but the rate became variable on 24 June. No surficial activity was visible in satellite or webcam images; only typical minor steaming from summit crater lake. Earthquakes with a M 3 and M 3.8 were recorded at 1653 and 1802 on 28 June, with the larger event strongly felt in Unalaska (14 km E). The Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level remained at Yellow and Advisory, respectively.
Report for Shishaldin
On 24 June AVO reported that seismicity at Shishaldin had decreased to background levels. Additionally, satellite images showed no new lava in the crater area, typical surface temperatures, and minor steaming. The Volcano Alert Level was lowered to Normal and the Aviation Color Code was lowered to Green.
Report for Santa Maria
INSIVUMEH reported that during 24-29 June explosions at Santa María's Santiaguito lava-dome complex generated ash plumes that rose 700-1,000 m above the crater and drifted as far as 1 km S, SW, W, and N. Crater incandescence was visible most nights. Avalanches of blocks descended the SE, S, and SW flanks of Caliente cone and sometimes reached the base of the complex. Local ashfall around the volcano was sometimes reported.
Report for Pacaya
INSIVUMEH reported that during 24-30 June Strombolian explosions at Pacaya’s Mackenney Crater ejected material as high as 200 m above the crater rim and were sometimes audible as far away as 5 km. Lava flows on the SW flank were mostly 100-600 m long but advanced to 2 km by 30 June. Lava advanced to 100 m on the S flank during 25-26 June and to 200 m on the NW flank during 27-29 June.
Report for Turrialba
OVSICORI-UNA reported that occasional small ash emissions rose no higher than 100 m above the active crater at Turrialba each day during 23-29 June; no emissions were recorded on 27 June. A series of ash emissions were recorded at 1348, 1739, and 2303 on 28 June and at 0107, 0232, 0306, 0412, and 0818 on 28 June. At least two of those events (0107 and 0412) were accompanied by ballistics that were ejected onto the N wall of the active crater.
Report for Reventador
IG reported that during 27 May-2 June seismic data from Reventador’s network indicated a high level of seismic activity, including explosions, harmonic tremor, long-period earthquakes, and signals indicating emissions. Gas, steam, and ash emissions observed almost daily with the webcam or reported by the Washington VAAC rose as high as 1 km above the summit crater and drifted N, NW, W, and SW. Cloudy weather sometimes prevented views of the volcano. Incandescent blocks rolled as far as 500 m down mainly the S and E flanks. Nighttime crater incandescence was often visible.
Report for Sangay
IG reported that during an overflight of Sangay on 24 June scientists observed a small explosion followed by a dense ash plume that rose 500 m above the summit and drifted W. Additionally a pyroclastic flow descended the SE flank. The overflight was conducted in partnership with Servicio Nacional de Gestión de Riesgos y Emergencias (SNGRE) and the Army with the purpose of conducting maintenance on a gas and seismic station, taking visual and infrared photos of the surficial activity, and measuring volcanic gases.
Report for Sabancaya
Instituto Geofísico del Perú (IGP) reported that a daily average of 12 explosions occurred at Sabancaya during 22-28 June. Gas-and-ash plumes rose as high as 4 km above the summit and drifted NE, E, and SE; on 27 June ashfall was reported in several areas NE possibly including the districts of Madrigal, Lari, Achoma, Ichupampa, Yanque, Chivay, and Coporaque. There were 10 thermal anomalies identified in satellite data, originating from the lava dome in the summit crater. The Alert Level remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale) and the public were warned to stay outside of a 12-km radius.
Report for Nevados de Chillan
SERNAGEOMIN reported an increase in the rate of inflation in the vicinity of Nevados de Chillán’s Nicanor Crater beginning on 20 June. The lava dome in the crater that was visible in satellite images on 11 June (but described in previous reports) had increased in volume based on analysis of 23 June images, and lengthened on the E side. The estimated growth rate of 0.1-0.3 cubic meters per second is two orders of magnitude greater than growth of the Gil-Cruz dome measured during December 2018-early 2019 and one order of magnitude greater that dome growth during August-December 2019. Occasional explosions continued to be recorded, with emissions rising to low heights, and nighttime crater incandescence was visible. The Alert Level remained at Yellow, the second lowest level on a four-color scale, and residents were reminded not to approach the crater within 3 km. ONEMI stated that the Alert Level Yellow (the middle level on a three-color scale) remained in place for the communities of Pinto and Coihueco, and that the public should stay at least 2 km away from the crater.