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Current Eruptions

Overall there are 45 volcanoes with continuing eruptions as of the Stop Dates indicated, and as reported through the last data update (12 March 2021), sorted with the most recently started eruption at the top. Information about more recently started eruptions can be found in the Weekly Report.

Although detailed statistics are not kept on daily activity, generally there are around 20 volcanoes actively erupting on any particular day. The Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report (WVAR) for the week ending on 4 May 2021 includes the 18 volcanoes shown below marked "Yes" in the WVAR column (rollover for report).

An eruption marked as "continuing" does not always mean that the activity is continuous or happening today, but that there have been at least some intermittent eruptive events at that volcano without a break of at least 3 months since it started. An eruption listed here also might have ended since the last public data update, or at the update time a firm end date had not yet been determined due to potential renewed activity.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI WVAR
Veniaminof United States 2021 Feb 28 2021 Mar 12 (continuing)
Raung Indonesia 2021 Jan 21 2021 Mar 12 (continuing)
Merapi Indonesia 2020 Dec 31 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) Yes
Soufriere St. Vincent Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2020 Dec 27 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) Yes
Kilauea United States 2020 Dec 20 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 0 Yes
Lewotolok Indonesia 2020 Nov 27 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) Yes
Kavachi Solomon Islands 2020 Sep 2 2021 Mar 11 (continuing)
Sinabung Indonesia 2020 Aug 8 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) Yes
Klyuchevskoy Russia 2019 Apr 9 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Sangay Ecuador 2019 Mar 26 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Tinakula Solomon Islands 2018 Dec 8 (in or before) 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Karangetang Indonesia 2018 Nov 25 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Barren Island India 2018 Sep 25 2021 Mar 6 (continuing) 1
Nyamulagira DR Congo 2018 Apr 18 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 0
Kadovar Papua New Guinea 2018 Jan 5 2021 Mar 10 (continuing) 2
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 2017 Apr 9 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 0
Aira Japan 2017 Mar 25 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 1 Yes
Sabancaya Peru 2016 Nov 6 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 3
Ebeko Russia 2016 Oct 20 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2 Yes
Nevados de Chillan Chile 2016 Jan 8 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Langila Papua New Guinea 2015 Oct 22 (?) 2021 Mar 9 (continuing) 2
Masaya Nicaragua 2015 Oct 3 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 1
Tofua Tonga 2015 Oct 2 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 0
Pacaya Guatemala 2015 Jun 7 ± 1 days 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 1 Yes
Villarrica Chile 2014 Dec 2 ± 7 days 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 1
Nevado del Ruiz Colombia 2014 Nov 18 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Saunders United Kingdom 2014 Nov 12 2021 Feb 19 (continuing) 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Semeru Indonesia 2014 Apr 1 ± 15 days 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 3 Yes
Etna Italy 2013 Sep 3 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Heard Australia 2012 Sep 5 ± 4 days 2021 Jan 20 (continuing) 0
Bezymianny Russia 2010 May 21 (?) 2021 Mar 8 (continuing) 3
Reventador Ecuador 2008 Jul 27 2021 Feb 15 (continuing) 2
Ibu Indonesia 2008 Apr 5 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 1
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Suwanosejima Japan 2004 Oct 23 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2 Yes
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 3
Bagana Papua New Guinea 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Sheveluch Russia 1999 Aug 15 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 4 Yes
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 3
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2021 Mar 12 (continuing) 3
Report for Piton de la Fournaise
OVPF reported that the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise continued during 28 April-4 May, though inclement weather obscured visual observations during most of the week. Both craters were active, producing lava flows that mainly traveled though lava tubes. Lava emerged from the end of the flow field, advancing E and setting fire to local vegetation. Minor inflation of the summit area was recorded. Lava fountaining was weak at the smaller vent to the SE during 3-4 May and a small lava pond occupied the crater of the larger cone, just NW at the higher elevation. On 4 May weak fountaining at the smaller cone occasionally ejected material just above the crater rim and the pond was active in the larger crater. The lava flow advanced another 180 m, reaching 1,500 m elevation. According to a news article two students in their 20s were found dead in the caldera on 22 April, near the active cones. The cause of death was not immediately known. The Alert Level remained at 2-2.
Report for Whakaari/White Island
GeoNet reported that a brief period of low-energy tremor and acoustic signals was recorded at Whakaari/White Island beginning at 2230 on 29 April. During an overflight on 30 April scientists did not observe new deposits near the active vent or thermal anomalies at the active vent area. Gas-emission rates had been relatively unchanged since March. The brief period of increased activity was likely caused by a series of low-energy subterranean explosions, similar to activity observed in mid-February and early-mid March. Seismic tremor remained at background levels. The Volcanic Alert Level remained at 1 and the Aviation Color Code remained at Green.
Report for Sinabung
PVMBG reported that the eruption at Sinabung continued during 28 April-4 May. Weather conditions sometimes prevented visual observations of the volcano, though white fumarolic plumes were visible almost daily rising as high as 500 m above the summit and drifted in multiple directions. At 0728 on 28 April an ash plume rose 1 km and drifted SSW. At 1810 an ash plume rose 1 km and drifted SSE and an incandescent avalanche descended 1.5 km down the SSE flank. At 2346 an ash plume rose 1.5 km and drifted W and SW, and another incandescent rockfall traveled 1.5 km SSE. Eruptive events produced ash plumes that rose 500-1,000 m above the summit during 30 April-1 May. Avalanches of material traveled as far as 1.5 km E and 1 km SE during 1-3 May. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4), with a general exclusion zone of 3 km and extensions to 5 km in the SE sector and 4 km in the NE sector.
Report for Dieng Volcanic Complex
PVMBG reported that a phreatic eruption at the Sileri Crater lake (Dieng Volcanic Complex) occurred at 1825 on 29 April, ejecting rocks 200 m S and E and mud 400 m S and 300 m E. According to a news article a local road was temporarily closed because rocks (about 10 cm in diameter) from the eruption were scattered along the road and the mud made conditions slippery. The closest residents are 1 km away. The Alert Level remained at 1 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to stay 500 m away from the crater rim.
Report for Merapi
BPPTKG reported that the lava dome just below Merapi’s SW rim and the lava dome in the summit crater both continued to extrude lava during 23-29 April. The SW rim lava dome had an estimated volume of 1,141,850 cubic meters on 28 April, with a growth rate of about 11,900 cubic meters per day, and continued to shed material down the flank. A total of 12 pyroclastic flows traveled a maximum of 2 km down the SW flank. Incandescent avalanches, recorded 113 times, traveled as far as 2 km down the SW flank. The volume of the summit lava dome was 1,794,000 cubic meters on 28 April, unchanged from the previous week. Electronic Distance Measurement (EDM) data showed a distance shortening between points in the NW at a rate of 0.5 cm per day, indicating inflation. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to stay 5 km away from the summit.
Report for Semeru
PVMBG reported that at 0740 on 28 April an ash plume from Semeru rose 600 m above the summit and drifted SW. The next day, at 0550, an ash plume rose 400 m and drifted S. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), with a general exclusion zone of 1 km and extensions to 5 km in the SSE sector.
Report for Lewotolok
PVMBG reported that white plumes from Lewotolok rose as high as 500 m and drifted SE, SW, and W on most days during 27 April-3 May. Gray-and-white plumes rose 500 m and drifted W on 30 April and 2 May. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4) and the public was warned to stay 3 km away from the summit crater.
Report for Taal
PHIVOLCS reported that unrest at Taal continued during 27 April-4 May. Low-level background tremor that had begun at 0905 on 8 April continued, along with 2-26 daily low-frequency events and 5-37 daily volcanic earthquakes during 28 April-2 May. One hybrid event was detected during 28-29 April. Diffuse steam plumes from fumarolic vents in Main Crater rose 5-10 m on most days. Average daily sulfur dioxide emission rates were in the 1,452-3,191 tonnes per day range. Upwelling of hot volcanic fluids in the crater lake was accompanied by steam plumes that were 300-600 m tall on 27 April, 30 April, and 4 May. The Alert Level for Taal remained at 2 (on a scale of 0-5). PHIVOLCS strongly recommended no entry onto the island, and access to the Main Crater and Daang Kastila fissure (along the walking trail) was strictly prohibited.
Report for Suwanosejima
JMA reported that 45 explosions at Suwanosejima's Ontake Crater produced eruption plumes that rose as high as 1.7 km above the crater rim during 23-30 April. Large volcanic bombs were ejected 400 m from the crater. Nighttime crater incandescence was visible during 24-25 April. The Alert Level remained at 2 and the public was warned to stay 1 km away from the crater.
Report for Aira
JMA reported that during 26 April-3 May incandescence from Minamidake Crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) was visible nightly. There was a total of 10 explosions, producing ash plumes that rose as high has 2.4 km above the summit and ejected bombs 1.3-1.7 km away from the crater. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale), and residents were warned to stay 2 km away from the crater.
Report for Asosan
Volcanic tremor amplitude increased at Asoson at around 2100 on 2 May, prompting JMA to raise the Alert Level to 2 (on a scale of 1-5) at 2255. The public was warned to stay at least 1 km away from the crater. Sulfur dioxide emissions were low, at 200 tons per day on 3 May, and white steam plumes rose as high as 300 m above the crater rim.
Report for Ebeko
Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 22-24 April that sent ash plumes to 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE and SW. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Karymsky
KVERT reported that a weak thermal anomaly over Karymsky was visible in satellite images during 22-23 and 29 April. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Sheveluch
KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images during 23-30 April. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Kilauea
HVO reported that the W vent on the inner NW wall of Kilauea's Halema`uma`u Crater continued to supply the lava lake during 28 April-4 May through a submerged inlet. The depth of the lake was about 227 m and lava continued to circulate in the W part, though the active area continued to shrink. The E half of the lake remained solidified and comprised about 93 percent of the total area, based on thermal measurements acquired on 16 April. The sulfur dioxide emission rate was 250 and 475 tons/day on 30 April and 2 May, respectively, continuing a downward trend that began in mid-April; the recent rates suggested that the effusion rate had also decreased. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Report for Pacaya
INSIVUMEH reported that during 27-29 April occasional explosions at Pacaya’s Mackenney Crater ejected incandescent material as high as 250 m above the summit. On 27 April a lava flow emerged from a new fissure on the upper SE flank traveled 200 m. At around 0500 on 29 April the seismic network recorded signals indicating a change from mostly explosive to mostly effusive activity. At around 0645 a new fissure opened on the N flank, producing a lava flow that rapidly traveled N towards Cerro Chino and then turned S and spread W and SW. Explosive activity at the fissure was minor during 29-30 April. By 3 May the flow was almost 2.1 km long, and continued to advanced W and SW at least through 4 May.
Report for Soufriere St. Vincent
University of the West Indies Seismic Research Centre (UWI-SRC) reported that seismicity at Soufrière St. Vincent (often simply referred to as “La Soufriere”) remained low during 28 April-4 May, with a few long-period, hybrid, and volcano-tectonic earthquakes recorded daily. Multiple significant lahars were generated by rainfall during 28-29 April. Lahars likely descended all valleys in the Red and Orange zones, and some were hot and visibly steaming. Trees brought down by lahars were swept to the sea; floating logs created hazardous conditions for small boats along the coastline. UWI-SRC and the National Emergency Management Organisation (NEMO) both warned the public to stay away from drainages and areas prone to flooding, and noted that lahars have caused notable erosion and damage to drainages and parts of the coastline. Smaller lahars were recorded during the mornings of 30 April and 1 May. Multiple lahars were detected in likely all the volcano’s drainages for a period of about six hours on 3 May, with the most intense lahars occurring during 1100-1200. Sulfur dioxide emissions were measured from a boat near the W coast, yielding a flux of 1,036 tons per day. Photos showed people in Sandy Bay shoveling off ash from rooftops on 4 May. The volcano Alert Level remained at Red.
Report for Krysuvik-Trolladyngja
IMO reported that the fissure eruption in the W part of the Krýsuvík-Trölladyngja volcanic system, close to Fagradalsfjall on the Reykjanes Peninsula, continued during 28 April-4 May. According to a news source, activity at the S vent of the fifth cone, which had opened on 13 April with N and S vents, intensified at around 2030 on 26 April. Fountaining became more explosive and lava was jetted 40-50 m high. The lava-flow rate significantly increased; lava flowed S then E and descended a valley into Meradalir.

By 29 April activity had intensified at the fifth cone where lava ejections reached 250 m high, but had ceased at the others. By 1 May lava flows had traveled N in Meradalir and connected to the flows that had previously descended into the valley from a fissure that opened on 5 April. IMO noted that fountaining at the vent was steady until around 0000-0100 on 2 May when it became more pulsating. Resting periods of 1-2 minutes were punctuated by intense fountaining reaching 100-150 m high for periods of 8-12 minutes. Gas plumes with minor amounts of ash rose 800-900 m a.s.l. A news source noted that on 2 May lava fountains rose over 300 m, the highest to date, and were seen from Reykjavik. Ejecta set fire to vegetation on the hill to the S of the vent, causing a smoke plume. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange due to the lack of ash and tephra emissions.