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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-01945

Gas-and-steam plumes emanate from a newly opened, 800-m-long arcuate fissure on Shindake, the summit crater of Japan's Kuchinoerabujima volcano, on 29 September 1980. A brief eruption at the fissure the previous day ejected blocks and ash up to 2 km above the crater. All historical eruptions have occurred from the Shindake crater; ejecta from frequent explosive eruptions since 1840 have sometimes damaged villages near the crater. Photo courtesy of Japan Meteorological Agency, 1980.

Gas-and-steam plumes emanate from a newly opened, 800-m-long arcuate fissure on Shindake, the summit crater of Japan's Kuchinoerabujima volcano, on 29 September 1980. A brief eruption at the fissure the previous day ejected blocks and ash up to 2 km above the crater. All historical eruptions have occurred from the Shindake crater; ejecta from frequent explosive eruptions since 1840 have sometimes damaged villages near the crater.

Photo courtesy of Japan Meteorological Agency, 1980.

Keywords: fissure vent | vent | volcanic gas | eruption


Kuchinoerabujima