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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-04681

Lava fountains from Fernandina volcano in the Galápagos Islands feed multiple lobes of lava in 1978 that travel across a down-dropped block of the NW caldera bench, about 380 m below the caldera rim. The 1978 eruption began on 8 August when a 6-km-high eruption plume rose to be visible from distant locations in the archipelago. During the course of the eruption lava flows traveled 2 km into the caldera lake, more than 400 m below. Activity ended on 26 August. Photo by Marc Orbach, 1978 (courtesy of Tom Simkin, Smithsonian Institution).

Lava fountains from Fernandina volcano in the Galápagos Islands feed multiple lobes of lava in 1978 that travel across a down-dropped block of the NW caldera bench, about 380 m below the caldera rim. The 1978 eruption began on 8 August when a 6-km-high eruption plume rose to be visible from distant locations in the archipelago. During the course of the eruption lava flows traveled 2 km into the caldera lake, more than 400 m below. Activity ended on 26 August.

Photo by Marc Orbach, 1978 (courtesy of Tom Simkin, Smithsonian Institution).

Keywords: lava flow | eruption | vent | crater | volcanic gas | effusive | lava


Fernandina