Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-05159
The last phase of the 1980 eruption of Krafla began on October 18, after a three-month-long period of quiescence. By the 2nd night of the eruption, photographed here, activity was concentrated along two parallel eruptive fissures. Powerful lava fountains rose above the background fissure. The fissure in the foreground was less active but contained an elongated lava pond above which a row of small lava fountains formed a firery spectacle. Dominantly effusive eruptions occurred during 1980 at Krafla on March 16, July 10-18, and October 18-23.
Photo courtesy of Gudmundar Sigvaldason, 1980 (Nordic Volcanological Institute, Reykjavik).