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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-10032

A pyroclastic flow lobe about 4 km NE of the crater, south of Nicapa, is seen within a day or two of its deposition on 4 April 1982. The Nicapa valley was the site of the most extensive pyroclastic flows of the 1982 El Chichón eruption. Up to three units are present, each 2-15 m thick and containing abundant pumice blocks 15-40 cm in diameter. Volcanic ash (fragmented rock, crystals, and glass) from the 4 April pyroclastic surges cover a broad radial area around the crater to distances 1.5 km beyond the extent of the pyroclastic flows in the Nicapa valley. Photo by Servando De la Cruz-Reyna, 1982 (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México).

A pyroclastic flow lobe about 4 km NE of the crater, south of Nicapa, is seen within a day or two of its deposition on 4 April 1982. The Nicapa valley was the site of the most extensive pyroclastic flows of the 1982 El Chichón eruption. Up to three units are present, each 2-15 m thick and containing abundant pumice blocks 15-40 cm in diameter. Volcanic ash (fragmented rock, crystals, and glass) from the 4 April pyroclastic surges cover a broad radial area around the crater to distances 1.5 km beyond the extent of the pyroclastic flows in the Nicapa valley.

Photo by Servando De la Cruz-Reyna, 1982 (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México).

Keywords: deposit | pyroclastic flow | environmental impact | pyroclastic density current | PDC | tephra


El Chichón