Report on Kanlaon (Philippines) — 14 June-20 June 2006
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
14 June-20 June 2006
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2006. Report on Kanlaon (Philippines). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 14 June-20 June 2006. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
10.412°N, 123.132°E; summit elev. 2435 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Minor steam-and-ash emissions that were observed from Canlaon during 13-15 June reached heights of 2 km above the summit (14,600 ft a.s.l.) and drifted primarily NE and NW. Light ashfall was observed on the volcano's upper N flanks and reached approximately 10 km E in Canlaon City. The alert status remained at Level 1, which restricted activity within 4 km of the summit.
Geological Summary. Kanlaon volcano (also spelled Canlaon), the most active of the central Philippines, forms the highest point on the island of Negros. The massive andesitic stratovolcano is dotted with fissure-controlled pyroclastic cones and craters, many of which are filled by lakes. The largest debris avalanche known in the Philippines traveled 33 km SW from Kanlaon. The summit contains a 2-km-wide, elongated northern caldera with a crater lake and a smaller, but higher, historically active vent, Lugud crater, to the south. Historical eruptions, recorded since 1866, have typically consisted of phreatic explosions of small-to-moderate size that produce minor ashfalls near the volcano.