Report on Karymsky (Russia) — 13 October-19 October 2010
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 13 October-19 October 2010
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2010. Report on Karymsky (Russia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 13 October-19 October 2010. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
54.049°N, 159.443°E; summit elev. 1513 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
KVERT reported that seismic activity from Karymsky was above background levels during 8-15 October, suggesting that possible ash plumes rose to altitudes of 2-3 km (6,600-9,800 ft) a.s.l. Volcanologists working at Karymsky observed Strombolian activity at night, along with ash plumes during 7-10 October that rose to an altitude of 2.5 km (11,500 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E. Satellite imagery showed ash plumes that drifted 35 km SE on 7 and 8 October and thermal anomalies on the volcano during 7-10, 12, and 14 October. Based on information from the Yelizovo Airport (UHPP), the Tokyo VAAC reported that on 16 October an ash plume rose to an altitude of 2.7 km (9,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE. The Aviation Color Code level remained at Orange.
Geologic Background. Karymsky, the most active volcano of Kamchatka's eastern volcanic zone, is a symmetrical stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera that formed during the early Holocene. The caldera cuts the south side of the Pleistocene Dvor volcano and is located outside the north margin of the large mid-Pleistocene Polovinka caldera, which contains the smaller Akademia Nauk and Odnoboky calderas. Most seismicity preceding Karymsky eruptions originated beneath Akademia Nauk caldera, located immediately south. The caldera enclosing Karymsky formed about 7600-7700 radiocarbon years ago; construction of the stratovolcano began about 2000 years later. The latest eruptive period began about 500 years ago, following a 2300-year quiescence. Much of the cone is mantled by lava flows less than 200 years old. Historical eruptions have been vulcanian or vulcanian-strombolian with moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows from the summit crater.