Report on Turrialba (Costa Rica) — 19 October-25 October 2016
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 October-25 October 2016
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2016. Report on Turrialba (Costa Rica). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 October-25 October 2016. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
10.025°N, 83.767°W; summit elev. 3340 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
OVSICORI-UNA reported that during 18-22 October continuous passive ash emissions rose from Turrialba as high as 1 km above the vent and drifted NE and W. The activity was accompanied by stable, low-to-moderate amplitude tremor with a few brief intervals of rest. Ash fell in Siquirres (30 ENE), Guacimo (23 km NNE), Guapiles (21 km N), and Moravia (27 km W). During 23-25 October emissions were discontinuous and ash content was low; plumes drifted NW and W. Ashfall was reported in San José (36 km WSW), Tibás (35 km WSW), Guadalupe (32 km WSW), Curridabat (32 km WSW), Tres Ríos (27 km SW), Moravia, San Pedro (32 km WSW), and various areas of the Valle Central.
Geologic Background. Turrialba, the easternmost of Costa Rica's Holocene volcanoes, is a large vegetated basaltic-to-dacitic stratovolcano located across a broad saddle NE of Irazú volcano overlooking the city of Cartago. The massive edifice covers an area of 500 km2. Three well-defined craters occur at the upper SW end of a broad 800 x 2200 m summit depression that is breached to the NE. Most activity originated from the summit vent complex, but two pyroclastic cones are located on the SW flank. Five major explosive eruptions have occurred during the past 3500 years. A series of explosive eruptions during the 19th century were sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows. Fumarolic activity continues at the central and SW summit craters.