Report on Cleveland (United States) — 26 October-1 November 2016
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 26 October-1 November 2016
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2016. Report on Cleveland (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 26 October-1 November 2016. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
52.825°N, 169.944°W; summit elev. 1730 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
On 31 October AVO reported that satellite views of Cleveland late in the last week indicated that the 24 October explosion destroyed most of the previous lava dome, leaving a deep crater. Darkened areas around the summit region in post-explosion web camera images were interpreted as minor ash deposits from the explosion. Unrest continued during 26 October-1 November; clouds often obscured views of the volcano. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Geologic Background. The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island. It lies SE across Carlisle Pass strait from Carlisle volcano and NE across Chuginadak Pass strait from Herbert volcano. Joined to the rest of Chuginadak Island by a low isthmus, Cleveland is the highest of the Islands of the Four Mountains group and is one of the most active of the Aleutian Islands. The native name, Chuginadak, refers to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks. It is possible that some 18th-to-19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 it produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.