Report on Sangeang Api (Indonesia) — 19 July-25 July 2017
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 July-25 July 2017
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2017. Report on Sangeang Api (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 July-25 July 2017. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
8.2°S, 119.07°E; summit elev. 1949 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on analyses of satellite imagery, PVMBG observations, and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 19-20 July ash plumes from Sangeang Api rose to altitudes of 2.4-4.3 km (8,000-14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW.
Geologic Background. Sangeang Api volcano, one of the most active in the Lesser Sunda Islands, forms a small 13-km-wide island off the NE coast of Sumbawa Island. Two large trachybasaltic-to-tranchyandesitic volcanic cones, 1949-m-high Doro Api and 1795-m-high Doro Mantoi, were constructed in the center and on the eastern rim, respectively, of an older, largely obscured caldera. Flank vents occur on the south side of Doro Mantoi and near the northern coast. Intermittent historical eruptions have been recorded since 1512, most of them during in the 20th century.