Report on Karymsky (Russia) — 2 October-8 October 2019
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 2 October-8 October 2019
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2019. Report on Karymsky (Russia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 2 October-8 October 2019. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
54.049°N, 159.443°E; summit elev. 1513 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
On 3 October KVERT reported that a weak thermal anomaly over Karymsky continued to be periodically visible in satellite images. Ash explosions were last recorded on 24 September. The Aviation Color Code was lowered to Yellow (the second lowest level on a four-color scale).
Geologic Background. Karymsky, the most active volcano of Kamchatka's eastern volcanic zone, is a symmetrical stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera that formed during the early Holocene. The caldera cuts the south side of the Pleistocene Dvor volcano and is located outside the north margin of the large mid-Pleistocene Polovinka caldera, which contains the smaller Akademia Nauk and Odnoboky calderas. Most seismicity preceding Karymsky eruptions originated beneath Akademia Nauk caldera, located immediately south. The caldera enclosing Karymsky formed about 7600-7700 radiocarbon years ago; construction of the stratovolcano began about 2000 years later. The latest eruptive period began about 500 years ago, following a 2300-year quiescence. Much of the cone is mantled by lava flows less than 200 years old. Historical eruptions have been vulcanian or vulcanian-strombolian with moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows from the summit crater.