Report on Telica (Nicaragua) — 28 October-3 November 2020
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 28 October-3 November 2020
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2020. Report on Telica (Nicaragua). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 28 October-3 November 2020. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
12.606°N, 86.84°W; summit elev. 1036 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
INETER reported that a series of three explosions at Telica began at 1910 on 29 October and ended at 2137. The events ejected rock fragments onto the flanks and produced gas-and-ash plumes that rose as high as 1 km above the crater rim and drifted W. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind including the communities of El Bosque, Jacinto Baca (15 km WSW), Filiberto Morales (15 km WSW), Carlos Huete, Linda Vista, Divino Niño (31 km W). Three explosions produced gas-and-ash plumes that rose 250-600 m above the rim during 30-31 October. A minor amount of ash fell on the flanks.
Geologic Background. Telica, one of Nicaragua's most active volcanoes, has erupted frequently since the beginning of the Spanish era. This volcano group consists of several interlocking cones and vents with a general NW alignment. Sixteenth-century eruptions were reported at symmetrical Santa Clara volcano at the SW end of the group. However, its eroded and breached crater has been covered by forests throughout historical time, and these eruptions may have originated from Telica, whose upper slopes in contrast are unvegetated. The steep-sided cone of Telica is truncated by a 700-m-wide double crater; the southern crater, the source of recent eruptions, is 120 m deep. El Liston, immediately E, has several nested craters. The fumaroles and boiling mudpots of Hervideros de San Jacinto, SE of Telica, form a prominent geothermal area frequented by tourists, and geothermal exploration has occurred nearby.