Report on Kilauea (United States) — 7 November-13 November 2007
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
7 November-13 November 2007
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2007. Report on Kilauea (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 7 November-13 November 2007. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
19.421°N, 155.287°W; summit elev. 1222 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on overflights and web camera views, HVO reported that fissure segment D from Kilauea's 21 July fissure eruption continued to feed an advancing lava flow that frequently overflowed its channel edges during 7-13 November. Lava tubes traveling E and S continued to burn kipukas N and SE of Pu'u Kia'i. Built-up and overturned crust in a lava pond nearest to the vent caused spattering to heights of 8-10 m during 10-11 November. A few small earthquakes were located beneath Halema'uma'u crater and along the S-flank fault during the reporting period. During 11-12 November, several earthquakes were located in an area between the Holei and Hilina palis.
Geological Summary. Kilauea overlaps the E flank of the massive Mauna Loa shield volcano in the island of Hawaii. Eruptions are prominent in Polynesian legends; written documentation since 1820 records frequent summit and flank lava flow eruptions interspersed with periods of long-term lava lake activity at Halemaumau crater in the summit caldera until 1924. The 3 x 5 km caldera was formed in several stages about 1,500 years ago and during the 18th century; eruptions have also originated from the lengthy East and Southwest rift zones, which extend to the ocean in both directions. About 90% of the surface of the basaltic shield volcano is formed of lava flows less than about 1,100 years old; 70% of the surface is younger than 600 years. The long-term eruption from the East rift zone between 1983 and 2018 produced lava flows covering more than 100 km2, destroyed hundreds of houses, and added new coastline.