Report on Redoubt (United States) — 17 June-23 June 2009
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
17 June-23 June 2009
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2009. Report on Redoubt (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 17 June-23 June 2009. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
60.485°N, 152.742°W; summit elev. 3108 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Seismicity at Redoubt, as reported by AVO, was low during 17-23 June, but remained above background level. Seismicity was primarily comprised of small, discrete events associated with continued growth and instability of the lava dome. Webcam images on 19 and 23 June showed continued steam and gas emissions from the dome. Poor weather conditions throughout the week limited fieldwork opportunities, but one crew was able to observe the dome on 15 June. The Volcanic Alert Level remained at Watch and the Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Geological Summary. Redoubt is a glacier-covered stratovolcano with a breached summit crater in Lake Clark National Park about 170 km SW of Anchorage. Next to Mount Spurr, Redoubt has been the most active Holocene volcano in the upper Cook Inlet. The volcano was constructed beginning about 890,000 years ago over Mesozoic granitic rocks of the Alaska-Aleutian Range batholith. Collapse of the summit 13,000-10,500 years ago produced a major debris avalanche that reached Cook Inlet. Holocene activity has included the emplacement of a large debris avalanche and clay-rich lahars that dammed Lake Crescent on the south side and reached Cook Inlet about 3,500 years ago. Eruptions during the past few centuries have affected only the Drift River drainage on the north. Historical eruptions have originated from a vent at the north end of the 1.8-km-wide breached summit crater. The 1989-90 eruption had severe economic impact on the Cook Inlet region and affected air traffic far beyond the volcano.