Report on Cleveland (United States) — 27 September-3 October 2017
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
27 September-3 October 2017
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2017. Report on Cleveland (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 September-3 October 2017. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
52.825°N, 169.944°W; summit elev. 1730 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
AVO reported that two small explosions at Cleveland were detected at 0516 and 0558 on 28 September in infrasound and seismic data. Elevated surface temperatures were identified in satellite data, and a weak plume rising from the summit crater was recorded by the webcam. Satellite data indicated that lava effusion in the summit crater began on 30 September, and by 1 October the new lava dome had grown to about 4,200 square meters. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Geological Summary. The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island. It lies SE across Carlisle Pass strait from Carlisle volcano and NE across Chuginadak Pass strait from Herbert volcano. Joined to the rest of Chuginadak Island by a low isthmus, Cleveland is the highest of the Islands of the Four Mountains group and is one of the most active of the Aleutian Islands. The native name, Chuginadak, refers to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks. It is possible that some 18th-to-19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 it produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.