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Report on Sabancaya (Peru) — 24 January-30 January 2024


Sabancaya

Smithsonian Institution / US Geological Survey
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 24 January-30 January 2024
Managing Editor: Sally Sennert.

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2024. Report on Sabancaya (Peru) (Sennert, S, ed.). Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 24 January-30 January 2024. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Weekly Report (24 January-30 January 2024)

Sabancaya

Peru

15.787°S, 71.857°W; summit elev. 5960 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Instituto Geofísico del Perú (IGP) reported that the eruption at Sabancaya continued at moderate levels during 22-28 January with a daily average of 47 explosions. Gas-and-ash plumes rose as high as 2 km above the summit and drifted less than 10 km NW and W. Thermal anomalies over the lava dome in the summit crater were identified in satellite data. Slight inflation was detected near the Hualca Hualca sector (4 km N). The Alert Level remained at Orange (the third level on a four-color scale) and the public were warned to stay outside of a 12 km radius.

Geological Summary. Sabancaya, located in the saddle NE of Ampato and SE of Hualca Hualca volcanoes, is the youngest of these volcanic centers and the only one to have erupted in historical time. The oldest of the three, Nevado Hualca Hualca, is of probable late-Pliocene to early Pleistocene age. The name Sabancaya (meaning "tongue of fire" in the Quechua language) first appeared in records in 1595 CE, suggesting activity prior to that date. Holocene activity has consisted of Plinian eruptions followed by emission of voluminous andesitic and dacitic lava flows, which form an extensive apron around the volcano on all sides but the south. Records of historical eruptions date back to 1750.

Source: Instituto Geofísico del Perú (IGP)