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What Holocene volcanoes are in areas with a UNESCO classification?

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. There are 205 Holocene volcanoes included, wholly or in part, within World Heritage sites, Biosphere Reserves, or Global Geoparks. Some may fall within more than one area, or have multiple classifications, but each volcano is only listed once below. This list was prepared by Smithsonian GVP staff based on public information and is neither endorsed by, nor an official compilation of, UNESCO; please contact GVP to report any content that might be incorrect.

Volcano Country UNESCO Property Name UNESCO Classification
Tralihue Argentina Araucarias Biosphere Reserve
Heard Australia Heard and McDonald Islands World Heritage
McDonald Islands Australia Heard and McDonald Islands World Heritage
Llaima Chile Araucarias Biosphere Reserve
Easter Island Chile Rapa Nui Natiional Park World Heritage
Arxan-Chaihe China Arxan Global Geopark
Jingbo China Jingpoho Global Geopark
Wudalianchi China Wudalianchi Global Geopark
Changbaishan China-North Korea Chaingbaishan Biosphere Reserve
Nevado del Huila Colombia Cinturo Andino Biosphere Reserve
Purace Colombia Cinturo Andino Biosphere Reserve
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica Area de Conservación Guanacaste World Heritage
Irazu Costa Rica Cordillera Volcanica Central Biosphere Reserve
Poas Costa Rica Cordillera Volcanica Central Biosphere Reserve
Nyamuragira DR Congo Virunga National Park World Heritage
Nyiragongo DR Congo Virunga National Park World Heritage
Karisimbi DR Congo-Rwanda Volcans Biosphere Reserve Biosphere Reserve
Visoke DR Congo-Rwanda Volcans Biosphere Reserve Biosphere Reserve
Morne Trois Pitons Dominica Morne Trois Pitons National Park World Heritage
Alcedo Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Cerro Azul Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Darwin Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Ecuador Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Fernandina Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Genovesa Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Marchena Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Sierra Negra Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Pinta Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
San Cristobal Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Santa Cruz Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Santiago Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Wolf Ecuador Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos) World Heritage
Guagua Pichincha Ecuador Quito World Heritage
Sangay Ecuador Sangay National Park World Heritage
Sumaco Ecuador Sumaco Biosphere Reserve
Izalco El Salvador Apaneca-Ilamatepec Biosphere Reserve
San Salvador El Salvador Joya de Ceren Archaeological site World Heritage
Soufriere Guadeloupe France Archipel de la Guadeloupe (Caribbean) Biosphere Reserve
Chaine des Puys France Chaîne des Puys Limagne Fault Tectonic Arena World Heritage
Piton de la Fournaise France Pitons, Cirques et Remparts de I'ile de la Reunion World Heritage
West Eifel Volcanic Field Germany Vulkaneifel Global Geopark
Katla Iceland Katla Global Geopark
Reykjanes Iceland Reykjanes Global Geopark
Vestmannaeyjar Iceland Surtsey World Heritage
Batur Indonesia Batur Global Geopark
Ijen Indonesia Beleambanga Biosphere Reserve
Arjuno-Welirang Indonesia Bromo Tengger Semeru-Arjuno Biosphere Reserve
Semeru Indonesia Bromo Tengger Semeru-Arjuno Biosphere Reserve
Tengger Caldera Indonesia Bromo Tengger Semeru-Arjuno Biosphere Reserve
Gede-Pangrango Indonesia Cibodas Biosphere Reserve
Kerinci Indonesia Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra World Heritage
Krakatau Indonesia Ujung Kulon National Park World Heritage
Lipari Italy Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) World Heritage
Panarea Italy Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) World Heritage
Stromboli Italy Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) World Heritage
Vulcano Italy Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) World Heritage
Etna Italy Mount Etna World Heritage
Vesuvius Italy Somma Vesuvio and Miglio d'oro Biosphere Reserve
Asosan Japan Aso Global Geopark
Fujisan Japan Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration World Heritage
Hakusan Japan Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve
Oki-Dogo Japan Oki Islands Global Geopark
Shiretoko-Iozan Japan Shiretoko World Heritage
Toya Japan Toya Caldera and Usu Volcano Global Geopark
Unzendake Japan Unzen Global Geopark
Menengai Kenya Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley World Heritage
Central Island Kenya Lake Turkana National Park World Heritage
South Island Kenya Lake Turkana National Park World Heritage
Barcena Mexico Archipiélago de Revillagigedo World Heritage
Pinacate Mexico El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve World Heritage
Tres Virgenes Mexico El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve
Isla San Luis Mexico Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California World Heritage
Isla Tortuga Mexico Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California World Heritage
Iztaccihuatl Mexico Las Volcanes Biosphere Reserve
Popocatepetl Mexico Las Volcanes Biosphere Reserve
Tacana Mexico-Guatemala Volcan Tacana Biosphere Reserve
Ruapehu New Zealand Tongariro National Park World Heritage
Tongariro New Zealand Tongariro National Park World Heritage
Concepcion Nicaragua Ometepe Biosphere Reserve
Momotombo Nicaragua Ruins of Leon Viejo World Heritage
Baru Panama La Amistad Biosphere Reserve
Mayon Philippines Albay Biosphere Reserve
Agua de Pau Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Corvo Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Don Joao de Castro Bank Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Fayal Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Flores Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Furnas Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Graciosa Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Pico Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Picos Volcanic System Portugal Azores Global Geopark
San Jorge Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Sete Cidades Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Terceira Portugal Azores Global Geopark
Madeira Portugal Santana Madeira Biosphere Reserve
Alney-Chashakondzha Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Anaun Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Asacha Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Avachinsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Bezymianny Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Bolshoi Semiachik Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Bolshoi-Kekuknaysky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Cherpuk Group Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Diky Greben Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Dzenzursky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Eggella Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Gamchen Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Geodesistoy Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Golaya Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Ichinsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Iliinsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kambalny Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kamen Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kekurny Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kell Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Khodutka Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kikhpinych Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kizimen Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Klyuchevskoy Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Komarov Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Koryaksky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Koshelev Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kozyrevsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Krainy Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Krasheninnikov Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kronotsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Ksudach Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kulkev Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Kurile Lake Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Maly Payalpan Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Mashkovtsev Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Mutnovsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Olkoviy Volcanic Group Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Piratkovsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Romanovka Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Schmidt Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Taunshits Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Tolbachik Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Udina Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Uksichan Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Ushkovsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Uzon Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Verkhovoy Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Vilyuchik Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Visokiy Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Zheltovsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Zhupanovsky Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Zimina Russia Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage
Elbrus Russia Western Caucasus World Heritage
Qualibou Saint Lucia Pitons Management Area World Heritage
Halla South Korea Jeju Island Global Geopark
Hierro Spain El Hierro Global Geopark
Fuerteventura Spain Fuerteventura (Canary Islands) Biosphere Reserve
Gran Canaria Spain Gran Canaria (Canary Islands) Biosphere Reserve
La Palma Spain La Palma (Canary Islands) Biosphere Reserve
Lanzarote Spain Lanzarote and Chinijo Islands Global Geopark
Tenerife Spain Teide National Park World Heritage
Kula Turkey Kula Global Geopark
Muhavura Uganda-Rwanda Volcans Biosphere Reserve Biosphere Reserve
Akutan United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Amak United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Amukta United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Atka United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Bobrof United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Bogoslof United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Buldir United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Carlisle United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Chagulak United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Cleveland United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Davidof United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Fisher United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Gareloi United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Great Sitkin United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Herbert United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Isanotski United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Kagamil United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Kanaga United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Kasatochi United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Kiska United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Koniuji United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Korovin United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Little Sitkin United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Makushin United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Moffett United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Okmok United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Recheschnoi United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Roundtop United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Seguam United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Segula United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Semisopochnoi United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Shishaldin United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Takawangha United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Tana United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Tanaga United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Uliaga United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Vsevidof United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Westdahl United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Yunaska United States Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve
Uinkaret Field United States Grand Canyon National Park World Heritage
Haleakala United States Hawaiian Islands World Heritage
Kilauea United States Hawaiian Islands World Heritage
Mauna Loa United States Hawaiian Islands World Heritage
Wrangell United States Kluane / Wrangell-St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek World Heritage
Three Sisters United States Three Sisters Biosphere Reserve
Yellowstone United States Yellowstone National Park World Heritage

List of Questions

How many active volcanoes are there?

Has volcanic activity been increasing?

What was erupting in the year...?

What is a volcano?

What is the world's highest volcano?

How do scientists forecast eruptions?

What volcanoes are the most noteworthy?

Why doesn't GVP post alert levels?

What Holocene volcanoes are in areas with a UNESCO classification?


Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.7.4. Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 20 Oct 2018. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013