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What volcanoes are the most noteworthy?

This is a list of 184 noteworthy volcanoes that meet at least one of the following the criteria identified below, in volcano-number order. Similar criteria were used to highlight volcanoes in the listing of Holocene eruptions that appeared as Appendix 2 in the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes (2nd ed).

- Major Eruption: A Holocene eruption with a VEI > 5
- Multiple Large Eruptions: More than one Holocene eruption with VEI >= 5
- High Fatality Eruption: A single eruption that caused >= 100 fatalities
- Frequently Active: Confirmed to have erupted at some point during at least 25 of the past 100 years (since 1917)
- Significant Lava Effusion: Produced a documented total lava volume > 1 km3 in the past 2,000 years

Volcano Primary Type Significance
Vesuvius Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active | Multiple Large Eruptions
Stromboli Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Etna Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active | Multiple Large Eruptions | Significant Lava Effusion
Santorini Shield(s) High Fatality Eruption | Major Eruption
Ararat Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Erta Ale Shield Frequently Active
Dubbi Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Significant Lava Effusion
Menengai Shield Major Eruption
Ol Doinyo Lengai Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Nyamuragira Shield Frequently Active
Nyiragongo Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active
Piton de la Fournaise Shield Frequently Active | Significant Lava Effusion
Auckland Field Volcanic field Significant Lava Effusion
White Island Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Okataina Lava dome(s) High Fatality Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions | Significant Lava Effusion
Taupo Caldera Major Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Tongariro Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active | Multiple Large Eruptions
Ruapehu Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active
Macauley Caldera Major Eruption
Raoul Island Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Savai'i Shield Significant Lava Effusion
Manam Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Long Island Complex High Fatality Eruption | Major Eruption
Ritter Island Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Langila Complex Frequently Active
Dakataua Caldera Major Eruption
Witori Caldera Major Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Ulawun Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Rabaul Pyroclastic shield High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active | Major Eruption
Lamington Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Significant Lava Effusion
Billy Mitchell Pyroclastic shield Major Eruption
Bagana Lava cone Frequently Active
Kavachi Submarine Frequently Active
Savo Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Ambae Shield High Fatality Eruption
Ambrym Pyroclastic shield Frequently Active | Major Eruption
Lopevi Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Yasur Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Sorikmarapi Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Marapi Complex Frequently Active
Kerinci Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Kaba Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Krakatau Caldera High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active | Major Eruption
Papandayan Stratovolcano(es) High Fatality Eruption
Galunggung Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Slamet Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Dieng Volcanic Complex Complex High Fatality Eruption
Merapi Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active
Kelut Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Semeru Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active
Tengger Caldera Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Raung Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active
Agung Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions | Significant Lava Effusion
Rinjani Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Tambora Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Major Eruption
Paluweh Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Iliwerung Complex High Fatality Eruption
Soputan Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Lokon-Empung Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Ruang Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Karangetang Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Awu Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Dukono Complex Frequently Active
Gamalama Stratovolcano(es) High Fatality Eruption
Makian Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Parker Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Camiguin Stratovolcano(es) High Fatality Eruption
Mayon Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Taal Caldera High Fatality Eruption | Major Eruption
Pinatubo Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Major Eruption
Suwanosejima Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Kikai Caldera Major Eruption
Aira Caldera High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active | Major Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions | Significant Lava Effusion
Unzendake Complex High Fatality Eruption
Asosan Caldera Frequently Active
Kujusan Stratovolcano(es) Significant Lava Effusion
Fujisan Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions | Significant Lava Effusion
Asamayama Complex High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active
Nasudake Stratovolcano(es) High Fatality Eruption
Bandaisan Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Towada Caldera Multiple Large Eruptions
Izu-Oshima Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Hachijojima Stratovolcano(es) Multiple Large Eruptions
Aogashima Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Izu-Torishima Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Oshima-Oshima Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Hokkaido-Komagatake Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Shikotsu Caldera Multiple Large Eruptions
Tokachidake Stratovolcano(es) High Fatality Eruption
Mashu Caldera Major Eruption
Moekeshiwan [Lvinaya Past] Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Tao-Rusyr Caldera Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Diky Greben Lava dome(s) Significant Lava Effusion
Kurile Lake Caldera Major Eruption
Zheltovsky Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions
Ksudach Stratovolcano Major Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Avachinsky Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions
Karymsky Stratovolcano Frequently Active | Major Eruption
Kizimen Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions
Tolbachik Shield Frequently Active | Significant Lava Effusion
Bezymianny Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Klyuchevskoy Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Sheveluch Stratovolcano Frequently Active | Multiple Large Eruptions
Khangar Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Wudalianchi Volcanic field Significant Lava Effusion
Changbaishan Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Ulreung Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Okmok Shield Major Eruption
Akutan Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Fisher Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Shishaldin Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Pavlof Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Veniaminof Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Black Peak Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Aniakchak Caldera Major Eruption
Novarupta Caldera Major Eruption
Churchill Stratovolcano Major Eruption
St. Helens Stratovolcano Major Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Crater Lake Caldera Major Eruption
Medicine Lake Shield Significant Lava Effusion
Kilauea Shield High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active | Significant Lava Effusion
Mauna Loa Shield Significant Lava Effusion
Southern EPR at 8°S Submarine Significant Lava Effusion
Ceboruco Stratovolcano Major Eruption | Significant Lava Effusion
Colima Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Michoacan-Guanajuato Pyroclastic cone(s) High Fatality Eruption
Chichinautzin Volcanic field Significant Lava Effusion
Popocatepetl Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Cofre de Perote Shield(s) Significant Lava Effusion
El Chichon Lava dome(s) High Fatality Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Santa Maria Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active | Major Eruption | Significant Lava Effusion
Fuego Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Pacaya Complex Frequently Active
Izalco Stratovolcano Frequently Active
San Salvador Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Ilopango Caldera High Fatality Eruption | Major Eruption
San Miguel Stratovolcano Frequently Active
San Cristobal Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Telica Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Apoyeque Pyroclastic shield Major Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Masaya Caldera Frequently Active | Major Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Concepcion Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Arenal Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Poas Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Nevado del Ruiz Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Nevado del Huila Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Galeras Complex Frequently Active
Reventador Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Atacazo Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions
Chacana Caldera Significant Lava Effusion
Cotopaxi Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Quilotoa Caldera Major Eruption
Tungurahua Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active
Sangay Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Huaynaputina Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Major Eruption
Lascar Stratovolcano(es) Frequently Active
Cerro Blanco Caldera Major Eruption
Cerro Azul Stratovolcano Significant Lava Effusion
Nevados de Chillan Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Llaima Stratovolcano Frequently Active
Villarrica Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Frequently Active
Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions | Significant Lava Effusion
Antillanca Group Stratovolcano(es) Multiple Large Eruptions
Calbuco Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions
Michinmahuida Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Chaiten Caldera Multiple Large Eruptions
Cerro Hudson Stratovolcano Major Eruption
Monte Burney Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions
Pelee Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Soufriere St. Vincent Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
Langjokull Subglacial Significant Lava Effusion
Katla Subglacial Multiple Large Eruptions | Significant Lava Effusion
Hekla Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions | Significant Lava Effusion
Grimsvotn Caldera High Fatality Eruption | Major Eruption | Significant Lava Effusion
Bardarbunga Stratovolcano Major Eruption | Significant Lava Effusion
Askja Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions
Krafla Caldera Significant Lava Effusion
Oraefajokull Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption
San Jorge Fissure vent High Fatality Eruption
Agua de Pau Stratovolcano Multiple Large Eruptions
Furnas Stratovolcano High Fatality Eruption | Multiple Large Eruptions
Tenerife Stratovolcano Significant Lava Effusion
Lanzarote Fissure vent(s) Significant Lava Effusion
Erebus Stratovolcano Frequently Active

List of Questions

What volcanoes have had the longest eruptions?

How many active volcanoes are there?

Has volcanic activity been increasing?

What was erupting in the year...?

What is a volcano?

What is the world's highest volcano?

How do scientists forecast eruptions?

What volcanoes are the most noteworthy?

Why doesn't GVP post alert levels?

What Holocene volcanoes are in areas with a UNESCO classification?


Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.7.4. Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 14 Dec 2018. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013