Activity for the week of 1 August-7 August 2001
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
New Activity / Unrest
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 55.972°N, 160.595°E
| Elevation 2882 m
The level of Concern Color Code was raised from Yellow to Red (the highest level) on 7 August after a relatively large eruption occurred that day. Prior to the eruption, during 28 July-3 August, seismic activity was at background levels; weak, long local seismic events (possible collapses and/or avalanches) were recorded, and weak fumarolic activity was observed. On 6 August AVHRR imagery showed a three-pixel thermal anomaly on the volcano. On 7 August at 1128 an ash cloud was observed from the town of Klyuchi rising 5 km above the volcano and drifting to the ESE. By 1215 the ash cloud was at a maximum height of 10 km.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Sicily (Italy)
| 37.748°N, 14.999°E
| Elevation 3320 m
News articles stated that around 1 August lava stopped advancing towards the Rifugio Sapienza tourist area, although lava in other parts of the volcano slowly continued to advance. According to the Toulouse VAAC, narrow ash clouds that rose to below 5.5 km a.s.l. were occasionally visible in satellite imagery and on Sistema Poseidon's web cam. The international Fontanarossa airport in Catania was closed, for the fourth time since the eruptive period began, during 2-5 August due to ash clouds in the area. The amount of ash emitted from the volcano decreased on 5 August and only steam with small amounts of ash located close to the ground was visible on the web cam.
Sources: Sezione di Catania - Osservatorio Etneo (INGV), Toulouse Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Etna Volcan Sicilien (Charles Rivière), Associated Press
| Luzon (Philippines)
| 13.257°N, 123.685°E
| Elevation 2462 m
Volcanic activity during 1-4 August at Mayon consisted of high SO2 emission, high- and low-frequency harmonic tremor and low-frequency volcanic earthquakes, slight inflation of the edifice, and the ejection of lava fragments up to 100 m above the crater rim. PHIVOLCS stated that activity had decreased since the 26 July eruptions and the volcano was in a mild state of eruption. According to news reports, approximately 26,500 people were still evacuated from their homes near the volcano. Mayon remained at Alert level 5, the highest level.
Sources: Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), Manila Bulletin, Associated Press
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 56.653°N, 161.36°E
| Elevation 3283 m
During the week seismic activity remained above background levels, with many small earthquakes occurring within the volcano's edifice and several different seismic signals (explosion, avalanche, collapse) recorded locally. The level of continuous spasmodic volcanic tremor increased on 28 July and again on 30 July. Gas-and-steam plumes were observed rising to a maximum height of 1 km above the dome and on the night of 1 August ash fell in the town of Klyuchi, 46 km from the volcano. One- to three-pixel thermal anomalies were occasionally visible in satellite imagery. The volcano remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
Moderate amounts of lava continued to flow into the sea at the E Kupapa`u entry. Surface lava flows were occasionally visible to the E and W of the current lava flow field. Pahoehoe lava was visible slowly spreading on the coastal flat seaward of the base of the Pulama pali scarp. Generally, weak, rather steady tremor and a few small earthquakes continued beneath Kilauea's caldera. Near Pu`u `O`o, continuous tremor occurred at weak-to-moderate levels. Elsewhere, seismicity was at normal levels. Tiltmeters across the volcano showed no significant deformation.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
| 19.023°N, 98.622°W
| Elevation 5393 m
Low-level volcanic activity occurred at Popocatépetl during the week. Several small emissions occurred at the volcano that were mainly composed of steam, gas, and small amounts of ash.
Sources: Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
Volcanic activity rapidly declined after the lava dome at Soufrière Hills partially collapsed on 29 July. Observation flights after the collapse revealed that the general summit region had been lowered by about 150 m. There was also a complex amphitheater-shaped scar several hundred meters deep incised into the core of the dome at the head of the Tar River Valley. A new dome was growing within the scar. The Washington VAAC reported that a minor eruption occurred on 4 August at 0300. The eruption produced ash that traveled in two different directions; the first ash cloud rose to ~4.6 km a.s.l. and drifted NW; the second cloud rose to ~9.7 km a.s.l. and drifted NE.
Sources: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), Associated Press, Reuters
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
IG reported that during 2 August until at least 3 August there was an increase in volcanic activity at Tungurahua. Continuous tremor began on 3 August at 1400 that may have been associated with continuous ash emission. In addition, the Washington VAAC reported that several eruptions occurred during the week, with the largest eruption on 5 August at 1700 producing an ash cloud that rose to ~12.5 km a.s.l.
Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
News Feeds and Google Placemarks
The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.
The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.
2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.
3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.
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RSS and CAP Feeds
An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.
At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.
CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.
Google Earth Placemarks
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.