Report on Dukono (Indonesia) — 22 April-28 April 2015
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
22 April-28 April 2015
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2015. Report on Dukono (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 22 April-28 April 2015. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
1.693°N, 127.894°E; summit elev. 1229 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
PVMBG reported that during March-22 April dense white-gray plumes rose as high as 2 km above Dukono's Malupang Warirang Crater and were accompanied by rumbling and roaring. Seismicity remained high and consisted of explosion signals, volcanic earthquakes, and tremor. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4). Residents and tourists were advised not to approach the crater within a radius of 2 km. Based on analyses of satellite imagery and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 26-28 April ash plumes from Dukono rose to altitudes of 2.7-3 km (9,000-10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 35-150 km E.
Geological Summary. Reports from this remote volcano in northernmost Halmahera are rare, but Dukono has been one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. More-or-less continuous explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, occurred from 1933 until at least the mid-1990s, when routine observations were curtailed. During a major eruption in 1550, a lava flow filled in the strait between Halmahera and the north-flank cone of Gunung Mamuya. This complex volcano presents a broad, low profile with multiple summit peaks and overlapping craters. Malupang Wariang, 1 km SW of the summit crater complex, contains a 700 x 570 m crater that has also been active during historical time.
Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM), Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)